SIMPLE PAST AFFIRMATIVE

Dario Favela
Mind Map by Dario Favela, updated more than 1 year ago
Dario Favela
Created by Dario Favela over 6 years ago
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Description

How to use simple past in English Language

Resource summary

SIMPLE PAST AFFIRMATIVE

Annotations:

  • Usamos "Simple past" para hablar de situaciones que ocurrieron en el pasado y que ya culminaron. Se puede hablar de estas situaciones ya sea con verbo "to be" o con otros verbos.
  1. "To be"

    Annotations:

    • El verbo "to be" significa SER o ESTAR, en el caso del pasado se usan WAS o WERE, dependiendo de quien se hable I was He was She was It was You were They were We were
    1. was

      Annotations:

      • "Was" se usa solamente con:  I, he, she, it.
      1. I was an elementary school student in 1998.

        Annotations:

        • Yo era un estudiante de primaria en el año 1998.
        1. He was in the park yesterday

          Annotations:

          • Él estuvo en el parque ayer.
          1. Maria was a smart student.

            Annotations:

            • María era una estudiante inteligente.
            1. My computer was very fast last year.

              Annotations:

              • Mi computadora era muy rapida el año pasado.
            2. were

              Annotations:

              • "Were" sólo se usa con: You, we y they.
              1. John and my sister were in my house last night.

                Annotations:

                • John y mi hermana estuvieron en mi casa anoche.
                1. You were sad last week.

                  Annotations:

                  • Tu estuviste triste la semana anterior
                  1. We were 20 years old last year.

                    Annotations:

                    • Nosotros teníamos 20 años el año pasado.
            3. Other verbs

              Annotations:

              • En el caso de otros verbos, SIEMPRE se pone una sola forma del verbo en pasado, tanto para verbos REGULARES, como para IRREGULARES. NO IMPORTA de quién se esté hablando, ya sean personas, objetos, animales, etc. tampoco importa si es plural o singular. Desafortunadamente no hay manera perfecta de reconocer cuando un verbo es Regular o cuando es Irregular sólo con ver el verbo en Presente. Por lo tanto hay que auxiliarnos de diccionarios y listas de verbos para ver exactamente como se escribe cada verbo en pasado. Ejemplos: I studied English yesterday. You studied English yesterday. He studied English yesterday. She studied English yesterday. We studied English yesterday. They studied English yesterday. Maria studied English yesterday. Mark and my brother studied English yesterday. Nótese que la palabra "studied", la cual es el pasado de "study" se encuentra en los diccionarios o en las listas de verbos, y se pone asi tal cual para todos los casos.
              1. Regular

                Annotations:

                • Los verbos llamados regulares solo se les agrega por lo general "ed" al final del verbo en su forma base (presente). Ejemplo: Play (forma base). Played (pasado). Con la forma en pasado se puede usar para cualquier persona. (I, you, he, she, it, we, they). I played soccer yesterday. You played soccer yesterday. He played soccer yesterday. She played soccer yesterday. We played soccer yesterday. They played soccer yesterday.
                1. My brothers played soccer last month.

                  Annotations:

                  • Mis hermanos jugaron soccer el mes pasado.
                  1. I studied Math in my house last night.

                    Annotations:

                    • Yo estudie matemáticas en mi casa anoche.
                    1. Martha called me this morning.

                      Annotations:

                      • Martha me llamó esta mañana.
                2. Irregular

                  Annotations:

                  • Los verbos irregulares NO se les agrega "ed" al final del verbo, sino que cambian de diferente manera, por lo general se dice que se deben MEMORIZAR, ya que no hay reglas tan claras para cambiar el verbo a su forma en pasado.
                  1. Shakira did the English homework on sunday.

                    Annotations:

                    • Shakira hizo la tarea de Inglés el domingo.
                    1. Mark's father went to the supermarket in the afternoon.

                      Annotations:

                      • El papá de Mark fue al supermercado en la tarde.
                      1. My sister ate an apple on monday.

                        Annotations:

                        • Mi hermana comió una manzana el Lunes.
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