Cell Stuff

froodlemoo
Mind Map by froodlemoo, updated more than 1 year ago
froodlemoo
Created by froodlemoo over 6 years ago
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yaaasss revision

Resource summary

Cell Stuff
  1. Eukaryotic cells
    1. nucleas
      1. nucleolus
        1. linear DNA
          1. membrane-bound organelles
            1. chloroplasts
              1. 80S ribosomes
              2. Prokaryotic cells
                1. no chloroplasts
                  1. no true nucleas
                    1. no nucleolus
                      1. globular DNA
                        1. no membrane-bound organelles
                          1. 70S ribosomes
                          2. methods of transportation across the cell membane
                            1. diffusion
                              1. conc. gradient
                                1. area of diffusion
                                  1. thickness of surface
                                    1. high to low
                                    2. osmosis
                                      1. high to low
                                        1. water potential
                                          1. partially permeable
                                          2. Active transport
                                            1. low to high
                                              1. ATP
                                                1. carrier proteins
                                                  1. (sodium-potassium pump)
                                                  2. facilitated diffusion
                                                    1. passive
                                                      1. control of exit and entry
                                                        1. no input of energy
                                                      2. components
                                                        1. Endoplasmic Reticulum
                                                          1. flattened sacs called cisternae
                                                            1. Rough ER
                                                              1. L.S.A
                                                                1. pathway for material transport
                                                                2. Smooth ER
                                                                  1. Synthesise
                                                                    1. Lipids
                                                                      1. carbohydrates
                                                                  2. Golgi Apparatus
                                                                    1. stacked membranes (cisternae)
                                                                      1. after the ER
                                                                        1. vesicles
                                                                          1. form glycoproteins and lysosomes
                                                                            1. store lipids
                                                                              1. secrete carbs
                                                                              2. Lysosomes
                                                                                1. vesicles with enzymes
                                                                                  1. up to 50 per lysosome
                                                                                    1. break down material broken down by phagocyte
                                                                                      1. digest worn out organelles
                                                                                      2. Microvilli
                                                                                        1. finger-like projections
                                                                                        2. Mitochondrion
                                                                                          1. double membrane
                                                                                            1. cristae extensions
                                                                                              1. Matrix
                                                                                                1. respiration - produce ATP
                                                                                                2. Nucleas
                                                                                                  1. hereditary material
                                                                                                    1. manufacture ribosomes
                                                                                                    2. Ribosomes
                                                                                                      1. cytoplasmic granules
                                                                                                        1. 70S eukaryotic
                                                                                                          1. 80S prokaryotic
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