AS Sociology Education - Key Terms

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Mind Map by jodieprickett, updated more than 1 year ago
jodieprickett
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Mind Map on AS Sociology Education - Key Terms, created by jodieprickett on 05/20/2015.

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AS Sociology Education - Key Terms
  1. Hidden Curriculum.
    1. All things learnt without being formally taught - often aquired simply through the everyday working of the schol, such as attitudes, obiedience and competitiveness.
    2. Cultural Capital
      1. The knowledge, attitudes, values, language, taste and abilities that the middle class transmit to their children.
      2. Corrospondence Principle
        1. Bowles and Gintis' concept describing the way organisation and control of schools mirrors the workplace in capitalist society
        2. Compensatory Education
          1. Government education policies such as Operation Headstart, that seek to tackle the problem of underachievement by providing extra support and funding to schools and families in deprived areas
          2. Tripartide System
            1. The system of secondary education created in 1944, based on 3 types of schools. The 11+ exam was used to identify pupils abilities. Those identified as the most acedemic went to grammar schools, some went to technical schools and the rest went to secondary modern schools.
            2. Streaming
              1. Streaming Where children are seperated into different ability groups or classes and then each ability group is taught seperatly
              2. Stratification
                1. The division of society into a hierachy of unequal groups. The inequalities may be of wealth, power and status. The members of different groups may have different life chances.
                2. Self - fulfilling prophecy
                  1. Where the prediction made about a person or group comes true simply because it is made. In predicting that some pupils will do badly, teachers will treat them in line with these low expectations. This will discourage the pupils from trying, making the prediction true.
                  2. Ethnocentric
                    1. Seeing, judgeing something in a biased way from the view point of a certain culture. Eg, the national curriculum is said to be ethnocontric, hence the difference in ethnicity and success in education.
                    2. Immediate Gratification
                      1. A prefference for immediate pleasure or reward without regard for the longer term consequences. A value of lower class society.
                      2. Labelling
                        1. The process of attatching a definition or meaning to an individual or group. Often the label is a stereotype that defines all members of a group in the same way.
                        2. Marketisation
                          1. The policy of introducing market forces of supply and demand into areas run by the sate such as education. The 1988 Education Reform Act began the markitisation of education by encouraging compotition between schools and choice of parents.
                          2. Material deprevation
                            1. Poverty, a lack of the basic needs such as an adequate diet, housing, clothing or money to buy these things. In education this explains working class underachievement as the result of the lack of resources.
                            2. Meritocracy
                              1. An education or social system where everyone has an equal oppertunity to succeed, and where the individuals rewards and status are by their own effirt and hard work rather than ascribed to them by society.
                              2. Myth of Meritocracy
                                1. Bowles and Gintis claims that meritocray in an ideology legitamising inequality by falsly claiming everyone has equal chance ansd unequal rewards are the natural result of unequal ability.
                                2. Deffered Gratification
                                  1. Postpronning immediate rewards or pleasures, generally with the aim of producing a greater reward at a later date. This is seen as a characteristic of middle class culture.
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