Winston Smith

KeeHee Han
Mind Map by KeeHee Han, updated more than 1 year ago
KeeHee Han
Created by KeeHee Han over 6 years ago


Mind Map

Resource summary

Winston Smith
  1. 1. Winston Smith had functioned as he was ordered. However, he attempted to ‘express’ himself. Though Winston did not know what to do with his diary, Winston, like a baby before his or her first speak, prepare to write his thoughts in it.
    1. 2. After a period of preparation, Winston successfully recorded his confused unconsciousness in his diary. Although he called his writing “stream of rubbish,” Winston succeeded in expressing something.
      1. “Suddenly he began writing in sheer panic, only imperfectly aware of what he was setting down” (10).
        1. 3. After a baby begins to speak, he or she will articulate opinion. Winston learned how to ‘speak’, and started to enunciate his emotion toward his surroundings: hatred.
          1. “Thus, at one moment Winston’s hatred was not turned against Goldstein at all, but, on the contrary, against Big Brother, the Party and the Thought Police” (17).
            1. 4. Realizing the danger of his emotion, Winston changed the target of his animosity to the dark-haired girl, but the choice was not a result of chance. Because he wanted to sleep with her, but could not do so, he hated her. This reason behind Winston’s choice reveals his sexual instinct that was abhorred by his society.
              1. “Winston succeeded in transferring his hatred from the face on the screen to the dark-haired girl behind him” (18).
                1. “He realized why it was that he hated her. He hated her because she was young and pretty and sexless, because he wanted to go to bed with her and would never do so” (18).
                2. 5. Winston clearly knew that he loathed Big Brother through his unconscious writing in his diary. What makes this incident different from the first diary write is Winston’s handwriting and the content of the writing. While the first diary was “rubbish” according to Winston, this neat second journal showed his rancor toward Big Brother. The unorganized mind of Winston made his first writing clumsy, but the neat writing tells how Winston was clear about his acrimony. It was the time of awakening for Winston.
                  1. “He discovered that while he sat helplessly musing he had also been writing, as though by automatic action. And it was no longer the same cramped awkward handwriting as before. His pen had slid voluptuously over the smooth paper, printing in large neat capitals – DOWN WITH BIG BROTHER” (21).
                    1. 6. While all the emotions that struck Winston had involved Big Brother or the Party, Winston felt deep sorrow for his mother’s death. The Party did not want any unnecessary emotion that could possibly hinder it from the perfect dominion over citizens, so it used every way to halt people from such emotions. However, Winston felt grief, and the tragic emotion that Winston felt was a clear sign of his mental development.
                      1. “The thing that now suddenly struck Winston was that his mother’s death, nearly thirty years ago, had been tragic and sorrowful in a way that was no longer possible. Tragedy, he perceived, belonged to the ancient time” (35).
                        1. 7. Dreaming, Winston saw a girl with dark hair who “tore off her clothes and flung them disdainfully aside” (36). He realized the simple movement can turn Big Brother and the Party into nothing. Winston once showed his sexual desire toward a woman, but was not aroused by this dream. Instead, he was overwhelmed by the gesture, which belongs to the ancient time, and understood how a great existence can be denied so easily.
                          1. "With its grace and carelessness it seemed to annihilate a whole culture, a whole system of thought, as though Big Brother and the Party and the Though Police could all be swept into nothingness by a single splendid movement of the arm” (36).
                            1. 8. Although Winston despised the world he lived in, he was content with his work in the Ministry of Truth: falsification of history. He could not reveal shrewdness in public, but was able to expand his thought in his workplace. The task given by the Party was often challenging, so Winston himself developed as he forged history. He even thought that the order from the Party was not enough to make the story fit, and decided to add “a piece of fantasy” to make the falsification more reasonable.
                              1. “Winston’s greatest pleasure in life was in his work. Most of it was a tedious routine, but included in it there were also jobs so difficult and intricate that you could yourself in them as in the depths of a mathematical problem” (51).
                                1. 9. Winston revealed his sexual desire again through his diary. Unable to restrain his lust, he went to sleep with a filthy, old prole. Although he was writing what he had done in the diary, Winston felt ashamed of the disgusting choice he had made, and regretted his action.
                                  1. “He had an almost overwhelming temptation to shout a string of filthy words at the top of his voice. Or to bang his head against the wall, to kick over the table and hurl the inkpot through the window – to do any violent or noisy or painful thing that might black out the memory that was tormenting him” (73).
                                    1. 10. Winston had not really spoken about rebellion. However, he began to relate hope with rebellion, and specifically mentioned proles to be the driving force of the revolution. In spite of the surfeit of propaganda from the Party, Winston perceived the reality correctly; he knew the significance of proles whom everyone ridicules. Winston knew that the rebellion would be successful with the population advantage of proles, but it would not happen because proles were not conscious. He was not just an idealist, but also a realist.
                                      1. “If there is hope, wrote Winston, it lies in the proles. If there is hope, it must lie in the proles, because only there, in those swarming disregarded masses, 85 per cent of the population of Oceania, could the force to destroy the Party ever be generated” (80).
                      2. “All he had to do was to transfer to paper the interminable restless monologue that had been running inside his head, literally for years” (10).
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