The typology Approach

Mind Map by issiscott12, updated more than 1 year ago
Created by issiscott12 over 6 years ago


The typology Approach

Resource summary

The typology Approach
  1. Indicated a broad distinction between Organised and disorganised offenders
    1. Based on inteviews and case details of 36 sex offenders who volunteered to be interviewed about their crimes
      1. It involves: collecting data from police records and crime scene, classifying the crime scene as organised/disorganised, looking into the victim behaviour to create a hypothesis and creating a profile or the likely criminal
        1. Organised offenders:
          1. Hide the body
            1. Planned the attack
              1. Unknown victim
                1. Use of restraints
                  1. High intelligence
                    1. Sexually competent - live with partner
                      1. Experiencing anger/depression at time of attack
                      2. Disorganised offender:
                        1. Leave evidence and body in sight
                          1. Victim known
                            1. Sexually incompetent
                              1. Not planned
                                1. Live alone
                                  1. severe mental illness
                                  2. Canter et al - evidene against the typology approach
                                    1. Although the organised/disorganised distinction is widely cited - validity not been established
                                      1. Interviews conducted to establish the two types were limited sample
                                        1. Distinction is an oversimplification and the addition of a third category questions the notion of only two types of offender
                                          1. Other classification systems-
                                            1. Jenkins (1988) - suggested the respectable and predictable type categories of murder
                                              1. Holmes and de Burges- suggested 6 types that could be defined according to the 14 characteristics
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