Pulmonary

Judah Morris
Mind Map by Judah Morris, updated more than 1 year ago
Judah Morris
Created by Judah Morris almost 6 years ago
4
0

Description

exam stuff

Resource summary

Pulmonary
1 conditions
1.1 Asthma

Annotations:

  • airway obstruction due to inflamation and bronchospasms 
1.1.1 Asthma (obstructive) has FVC, FEV1, % reduced
1.2 Pumlonary fibrosis
1.2.1 Fibrosis % is normal
1.3 Bronchitis

Annotations:

  • chronic productive cough 
1.3.1 COPD
1.3.1.1 Stages
1.3.1.1.1 1
1.3.1.1.2 2
1.3.1.1.3 3
1.3.1.1.4 4
1.3.1.2
1.4 Emphysema

Annotations:

  • enlargement of bronchioles; destruction of walls (usually from smoking) 
2 medications
2.1 Bronchdilators

Annotations:

  • bind to B2 receptors on smooth airway muscles, to dialate. 
2.1.1 SABA

Annotations:

  • Short acting beta agonists  5-15 minutes work last for 3-6 hours use when needed before exercise
2.1.1.1 Salbutamol
2.1.1.2 Terbutaline
2.1.2 LABA

Annotations:

  • long acting beta agonists  slow acting, last 12 hours
2.1.2.1 eformoterol
2.1.2.2 salmeterol
2.2 antimuscarinics

Annotations:

  • act of muscarinic receptors in aiways. ...blocks action of ACT to cause dialition. ...dries up muscous 
2.2.1 ipratropium
2.2.2 tiotropium
2.3 Methylxanthines

Annotations:

  • work by increasing adrenergic stimulation of cell increases cAMP (messanger cells) to incrrease dilation  not regulary used ....lots of side effects
2.3.1 theophylline
2.3.2 aminophylline
2.4 cortiosteriods

Annotations:

  • used for asthma due to anti-inflamatory properties "preventor"
2.4.1 budesonide
2.4.2 fluticasone
3 testing
3.1 Spirometry
3.1.1 FVC

Annotations:

  • forced vital capacity - amount of air exhaled after complete inspiration (normal M-4.8; F-3.2)
3.1.1.1 FEV1/FVC Ratio

Annotations:

  • normal 85%
3.1.2 FEV1

Annotations:

  • forced expiratory volume in one second
3.1.2.1
3.1.3 PEF

Annotations:

  • peak expiratory flow 
3.2 BODE
3.2.1 BMI
3.2.2
3.2.3 Dsypnea
3.2.4 6MWT
3.3
4 Exercise
4.1 dysnea is most important measure
4.2 always measure o2
4.2.1 made need oxygen during exercise if below 88%
4.3 incorperate breathing exercises
4.4 Px
4.4.1 Aerobic
4.4.1.1 3-5 days
4.4.1.1.1 dyspnea rating 4-6 optimal
4.4.1.1.2 RPE 11-13
4.4.2 Resistense
4.4.2.1 same as healthy people
4.4.3 Flexibility
4.4.3.1
Show full summary Hide full summary

Similar

How to improve your SAT math score
Brad Hegarty
The SAT Math test essentials list
lizcortland
GCSE AQA Biology 2 Respiration & Exercise
Lilac Potato
The Skeleton and Muscles
james liew
Biology - B1 - AQA - GCSE - Keeping Healthy and Defending Against Infection
Josh Anderson
RE Keywords - Paper 1 - Religion and life
Kerris Linney
B7: Further Biology
Matthew Law
Command Words
Mr Mckinlay
B7 Quiz - The Skeleton, Movement and Exercise
Leah Firmstone
Quick tips to improve your Exam Preparation
James Timpson
LOGARITHMS
pelumi opabisi