Krashen's Theory which
consist of 5 main Hypothesis
Most important and most widely known of his theories
There are two independent systems, the acquired
system and the learned system. The acquired is the
process kids go through while learning their first
language involving natural communication. The
learned is the outcome of instruction and knowledge
of the language.
Explains the connection between the acquisition and
the learning systems.
There are three types of Monitor users. Over-users,
Under-users, and Optimal users.
Natural Order Hypothesis
Saying that there is a natural order for the grammar of
How the learner takes on the second language. It is
focused more on the acquisition than the learned
Affective Filter Process
Says that there are variables that play into learning a
Motivation, self confidence, and anxiety are the three
varibles and play into learning a second language.
If i was using Krashen's
theory I would not keep
them in the classroom
making them learn what
a saw is for example. I
would take them into the
shop and show them the
saw and show them what
it does and how to use it.
Basic Interpersonal Communication Skills
vs. Cognitive Academic Language
BICS are the listening and speaking skills that are
quickly acquired by most students.
CALP is how the student takes on the demand from a
variety of subjects.
Common Underlying Proficiency Theory
When someone learns a language they acquire a set of
skills and knowledge that can be used when learning
Once you teach the kids
about one machine in the
shop they can use the
skills they received for
this tool and apply those
same learning skills to
learn about other tools in
Task Difficulty Theory
Where the task you expect are categorized by difficulty of task.
Language Acquisition Device Theory
He believes every child has a LAD
The LAD encodes grammatical structures and principals into the
brain. Therefore learning new vocabulary can be applied to the
structures of the LAD which will form sentences.
So when I teach the kids
the vocabulary of the tools
it helps them understand
how to use them.
Theory of Child Language
Says the children learn
languages in five stages.
1. Children say things for three
To get what they want
To get attention
To draw attention to
2. Ask questions
3. Ask question with intonation
alone, express more complex wants,
expanded sentence sturcure
4. Complex sentence structure and
saying what they mean
5. Use the language for everything
they need it for
These 5 stages will help the kids learn how to use
different tools around the shop. First they will learn the
word. Second they will ask questions about the tool. third
they will start to explore and understand the tool. fourth
they will do problems with the tool and learn how to make
things and fix problems with it. and fifth they will fully
understand the tool in the shop.