Insulin type

nofanko
Mind Map by nofanko, updated more than 1 year ago
nofanko
Created by nofanko over 6 years ago
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Description

Diabetic

Resource summary

Insulin type
  1. Mechanism of action
    1. Insulin lower blood glucose by stimulating peripheral glucose uptake, especially by skeletal muscle and fat
      1. Insulin enhances protein synthesis; targets include skeletal muscle, liver, and adipose tissue
      2. Rapid-acting
        1. Insulin lispro
          1. Administer within 15 minutes before or immediately after a meal
          2. Insulin aspart
            1. Administer immediately (within 5-10 minutes) before a meal
            2. Insulin glulisine
              1. Administer within 15 minutes before or within 20 minutes after starting a meal
            3. Short-acting
              1. Human insulin
                1. Administer within 30 to 60 minutes before a meal
              2. Long-acting
                1. Insulin isophane
                  1. Administer within 15 minutes before a meal or immediately after a meal
                2. Intermediate-acting
                  1. Insulin detemir
                    1. Administer once or twice daily
                    2. Insulin glargine
                      1. Administer once daily at the same time each day
                    3. Combination-acting
                      1. Insulin isophane and insulin regulr
                        1. Administer within 15 min before a meal or immediately after a meal
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