The constitution- Germany

Annabelle Hussey
Mind Map by Annabelle Hussey, updated more than 1 year ago
Annabelle Hussey
Created by Annabelle Hussey over 6 years ago
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Mindmap of German constitution

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The constitution- Germany
  1. The constitution was an uneasy compromise between three political forces and principles:
    1. Liberal Nationalism: the unification of the Germans into one state
      1. Federalism: the traditional authority of the German states in the regions
        1. Authoritarian Monarchy: the military power of Prussia
        2. The new complex system drawn up my Bismarck was a complex balance of power between the Emperor, the Chancellor, the Federal Council and the Imperial Parliament.
          1. Emperor (Kaiser)
            1. The king of Prussia was also automatically the emperor of Germany. He enjoyed great authority, he was able to:
              1. appoint and dismiss the Chancellor
                1. Dissolve the Reichstag (but in consent with the Bundesrat
                  1. Direct German foreign policy
                    1. command all armed forces as commander- in chief- within the Empire both in peace and in war
                  2. Chancellor and imperial government
                    1. The chancellor (Kanzler) was in effect the chief minister of the Riech and normally combined it with the Post of Minister- President of Prussia. He was responsible for:
                      1. The Emperor alone and shaping the framework of Reich policies
                        1. appointing all state secretaties, who had no power of their own
                      2. Federal Council ( Bundesrat)
                        1. Bismarck's concession of federalism was enshrined in the creation of the federal council. This meant it had:
                          1. 58 representatives nominated from all of the states (with 17 seats from Prussia)
                            1. the responsibility to ratify all legislation
                              1. the ability to reject any military or constitutional issue with just 14 votes
                              2. the right to make changes to the constitution
                              3. Imperial Parliament (Reichstag)
                                1. The Reichstag was elected directly by universal male suffrage and secret ballot.
                                  1. Although Bismarck always desired the co-operation of the Reichstag in the passage of legisslation, he went to considerable lengths to ensure that parliament with majorities did not have the same privileges and status as those enjoyed in Britain by the House of Commons at the end of the 19th century.
                                    1. It could discuss and agree those proposals put forward by the Bundesrat and the imperial government, including the budget.
                                    2. It was not permitted to introduce its own legislation
                                      1. It did not allow the Chancellor and the state secretaries to be members.
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