Chronic Asthma

mmpp
Mind Map by mmpp, updated more than 1 year ago
mmpp
Created by mmpp about 6 years ago
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Resource summary

Chronic Asthma
  1. Epidemiology
    1. Occurs at all ages, but 50% of cases develop during childhood
      1. Diagnosed in over 34 million people in U.S.
        1. affects boys more than girls; and populations most affected are black and Hispanic children
    2. Pathophysiology
      1. Inflammatory response triggered by antigen
        1. release of a magnitude of inflammatory cells
          1. results in epithelial injury of bronchi
            1. causes smooth muscle contraction, mucosal edema, & increased mucus secretion
      2. Clinical Presentation
        1. asymptomatic between attacks
        2. Diagnosis
          1. history of allergies, recurrent
            1. wheezing, and exercise intolerance
              1. confirmed by pulmonary function testing with use of spirometry
          2. Treatment
            1. Depends on age
              1. Removal of allergens and other triggers
              2. drug therapy using stepwise
                1. SABA prn
                  1. Inhaled corticosteroid
                    1. add LABA
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