Q1: How do people learn?


Mind Map on Q1: How do people learn?, created by leslieniiro on 10/28/2013.
Mind Map by leslieniiro, updated more than 1 year ago
Created by leslieniiro about 10 years ago

Resource summary

Q1: How do people learn?
  1. the student
    1. learner's toolbox
      1. schema/strategies
        1. superblueberries: critical thinking skills
          1. metacognition: thinking about your own thinking
            1. "My strategy is..."
            2. questioning
              1. prior knowledge activation
                1. visual imagery
                2. based on principles of learning
                  1. If we can identify the schema Duke students use, then we can help other students learn the strategies we use.
                    1. elaboration
                    2. used to create theories
                  2. motivation
                    1. grit
                  3. (inaccurate) misconceptions
                    1. #1: teaching is telling, learning is remembering (rote memorization)
                      1. educational value of 2 truths and a lie
                        1. to help eliminate misconceptions
                          1. thinking about perceptions of Duke and Durham
                            1. Hayti: black neighborhood, freedpeople, segregation, NCCU
                              1. out of this came self-dependence
                            2. action research
                            3. class cohesion
                              1. elaboration
                            4. success
                              1. 1.content knowledge
                                1. info
                                  1. facts
                                    1. subject matter knowledge
                                    2. 2.cognition
                                      1. academic skills
                                        1. word recog, work ethic, reading/math skills, lang
                                        2. advanced critical thinking skills
                                          1. superblueberries
                                          2. self regulation skills
                                          3. 3. character traits
                                            1. Desired Student Learning Outcomes
                                              1. Knowledge, Skills, Dispositions
                                                1. self control and reasoning: the marshmallow test and delayed gratification
                                                2. learning=change
                                              2. psychologists
                                                1. Bronfenbrenner's theory of multiple layers of environmental influence
                                                  1. family, community, state
                                                  2. Erikson's psychosocial stages of development
                                                    1. sort of like checkpoints, each with own conflict
                                                      1. need to encourage child decision making
                                                        1. encourage roleplay/makebelieve--perspective taking
                                                          1. child needs success
                                                          2. Vygotsky and scaffolding
                                                            1. Piaget: constructivism
                                                              1. children want to learn, will explore enviro
                                                                1. children try to construct meaning
                                                                  1. want to reduce cognitive dissonance
                                                                    1. disequilibrium: misunderstanding
                                                                  2. Kohlberg 3 levels/6 stages of moral development
                                                                    1. can be lifelong
                                                                      1. challenge students on moral compass
                                                                    2. what is educational psychology?
                                                                      1. how people learn
                                                                        1. how people teach
                                                                          1. how to better learning
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