manuel antonio stivalet porras
Mind Map by manuel antonio stivalet porras, updated more than 1 year ago
manuel antonio stivalet porras
Created by manuel antonio stivalet porras over 2 years ago

Resource summary

  1. Etymology
    1. The regional place name Mesopotamia (/ m ɛ s ə p ə t eɪ m i ə /, Ancient Greek: Μεσοποταμια "[the land] between rivers"; Arabic: Balad ٱ lrafdyn Bilad 'ar-Rafidayn
    2. Geography
      1. it encompasses the land between the Euphrates and Tigris rivers, both of which have their headwaters in the Taurus Mountains. Both rivers are fed by numerous tributaries, and the entire river system drains a vast mountainous region.
      2. History
        1. In the interior of Mesopotamia, agriculture and livestock were imposed between 6000 and 5000 BC. C., assuming the full entrance to the Neolithic. During this period, new production techniques that had been developed in the early Neolithic area spread to regions of later development, including inland Mesopotamia.
        2. Sumerians and Akkadians
          1. The Sumerian was the first Mesopotamian civilization. After the year 3000 a. The Sumerians created a set of city-states in lower Mesopotamia. whose economy was based on irrigation. In them an absolute king ruled, who called himself "vicar" of the protector god of the city. The Sumerians were the first to use writing (cuneiform writing) and they also built large temples
          2. The archaic dynastic period
            1. The spread of the advances of the Uruk culture throughout the rest of southern Mesopotamia gave rise to the birth of the Sumerian culture. These techniques allowed the proliferation of cities by new territories and regions.
            2. The Akkadian Empire
              1. The prosperity of the Sumerians attracted various nomadic peoples. From the Arabian peninsula, the Semitic tribes (Arabs, Hebrews and Syrians) constantly invaded the Mesopotamian region from 2500 BC, until they established their final rule.
              2. Sumerian Renaissance
                1. According to a commemorative tablet it was Utu-hegal, king of Uruk, who, around 2100 BC. C., defeated and expelled the Guti rulers from the Sumerian lands.
                2. Babylonians and Assyrians
                  1. With the fall of the hegemony of Ur, a period of darkness like that which had occurred with the Akkadian Empire was not repeated. This stage will be marked by the progressive rise of Amorite dynasties in practically all the cities of the region.
                  2. The paleobabilonian empire
                    1. In 1792 a. C. Hammurabi comes to the throne of the hitherto little important city of Babylon, from which a policy of expansion will begin.
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