1.3 Though the process of people being wronged they
have a strong need for change so are more likely to
apply more pressure on government
2 Representation of minorities
2.1 They also represent minorities who cannot
represent themselves. This could be because
they are unable to connect with a political party
or because they do not wish to be.
2.2 •Muslim Council of Britain •English Defence League (EDL)
2.3 Main stream democracy does not
always support minorities, so
government are more likely to listen
to these pressure groups to redress
democracy. So they do apply
3 Public policy
3.1 Many groups play an important role in
implementing changes to public policy.
3.1.1 The Church is consulted whenever the government is
proposing to make changes to policy areas which may
have an impact on spiritual, ethical and moral grounds,
for example embryology and stem cell research.
3.2 •Christian Institute
3.3 These pressure groups have moral interest meaning they
can apply pressure more easily on there issue to the
government and they are usual insider pressure groups
mean they are more effective at apply pressure
4 Expert knowledge
4.1 Groups can be an important and valuable
source of specialist information/expertise for
an overloaded legislature and civil service.
4.1.1 Ministers cannot be expected to know everything that there is to know about a
specialist subject (especially if they have a large portfolio), they therefore a reliant upon
PGs to provide them with expertise on these areas as again they will be in the know.
4.3 These pressure groups having expertise in a field mean they
will be more persuasive and they are usual insider pressure
groups Mean they can apply pressure more effectively
5 Check and balance to the power of executive government
5.1 Pressure groups encourage a decentralisation of
power within the political system. They act as a check
and balance to the power of executive government.
5.2 •The Taxpayers’ Alliance
5.3 These pressure groups are the most likely to
persuade the public on issue of check and
balances. They are also insider pressure group
usually so can apply pressure on the
government more easily