Encephalon

jess_k_turner
Mind Map by jess_k_turner, updated more than 1 year ago
jess_k_turner
Created by jess_k_turner almost 5 years ago
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Description

Dog's encephalon outline for Veterinary medicine student

Resource summary

Encephalon
1 Mesencephalon
1.1 Midbrain
1.1.1 PAG
1.1.1.1 opiate receptor
1.1.1.1.1 norepinephrine
1.1.1.1.2 serotonin
1.1.2 tectum
1.1.2.1 rostral colliculus
1.1.2.1.1 control eye position
1.1.2.2 caudal colliculus
1.1.2.2.1 auditory
1.1.3 pretectal region
1.1.3.1 reflex of pupil size in response to light
1.1.4 caudal commissure
1.1.4.1 pupillary light reflex
1.1.5 cerebral peduncle
1.1.5.1 tegmentum
1.1.5.1.1 red nucleus
1.1.5.2 substantia nigra
1.1.5.2.1 dopamine neuron
1.1.5.2.1.1 Parkinson
1.1.5.3 crus cerebri
1.1.5.4 interpeduncular nucleus
1.1.5.4.1 input from limbic structure
1.2 Mesencephalic aqueduct
2 Prosencephalon
2.1 Telencephalon
2.1.1 Cerebrum
2.1.1.1 white matter
2.1.1.1.1 projection fiber
2.1.1.1.1.1 internal capsule
2.1.1.1.1.1.1 rostral crus
2.1.1.1.1.1.2 genu (body)
2.1.1.1.1.1.3 caudal crus
2.1.1.1.2 commissural fiber
2.1.1.1.2.1 corpus callosum
2.1.1.1.2.1.1 intercommunicate
2.1.1.1.2.2 rostral commissure
2.1.1.1.2.3 commissure of fornix
2.1.1.1.3 association fiber
2.1.1.1.3.1 short association fiber
2.1.1.1.3.2 long association fiber
2.1.1.1.3.3 corona radiata
2.1.1.2 gray matter
2.1.1.2.1 cerebral cortex
2.1.1.2.1.1 archicortex
2.1.1.2.1.1.1 hippo campus
2.1.1.2.1.1.1.1 short to long-term memory
2.1.1.2.1.1.2 limbic system
2.1.1.2.1.2 paleocortex
2.1.1.2.1.2.1 rhinencephalon/olfaction
2.1.1.2.1.2.1.1 olfactory bulb
2.1.1.2.1.2.1.2 lateral rhinal sulcus
2.1.1.2.1.2.1.3 olfactory peduncle
2.1.1.2.1.2.1.4 medial olfactory tract
2.1.1.2.1.2.1.5 lateral olfactory stria
2.1.1.2.1.2.1.6 piriform lobe
2.1.1.2.1.3 neocortex
2.1.1.2.1.3.1 detailed perception
2.1.1.2.1.3.2 learning
2.1.1.2.1.3.3 intelligence
2.1.1.2.1.3.4 form lobe
2.1.1.2.2 basal nuclei
2.1.1.2.2.1 claustrum
2.1.1.2.2.1.1 visual attention
2.1.1.2.2.2 corpus striatum
2.1.1.2.2.2.1 caudate nucleus
2.1.1.2.2.2.2 lentiform nuclei
2.1.1.2.2.2.2.1 putamen
2.1.1.2.2.2.2.2 globus pallidus (pallidum)
2.1.1.2.2.3 amygdala
2.1.1.2.2.3.1 negative thought (emotion)
2.1.2 Lateral ventricle
2.2 Diencephalon
2.2.1 Interbrain
2.2.1.1 Thalamus
2.2.1.1.1 rostral thalamic group
2.2.1.1.1.1 rostral thalamic nucleus
2.2.1.1.1.1.1 limbic system
2.2.1.1.2 medial thalamic group
2.2.1.1.2.1 medial dorsal nucleus
2.2.1.1.3 lateral thalamic group
2.2.1.1.3.1 dorsal tier
2.2.1.1.3.1.1 dorsolateral nucleus
2.2.1.1.3.1.2 caudolateral nucleus
2.2.1.1.3.2 ventral tier
2.2.1.1.3.2.1 ventral rostral nucleus
2.2.1.1.3.2.2 ventral lateral nucleus
2.2.1.1.3.3 ventral caudal group
2.2.1.1.3.3.1 ventral caudal medial nucleus
2.2.1.1.3.3.1.1 linked to CN (cranial n.)
2.2.1.1.3.3.2 ventral caudal lateral nucleus
2.2.1.1.3.3.2.1 linked to SN (spinal n.)
2.2.1.1.4 caudal thalamic group
2.2.1.1.4.1 medial geniculate nucleus
2.2.1.1.4.1.1 auditory
2.2.1.1.4.1.2 vestibular
2.2.1.1.4.2 lateral geniculate nucleus
2.2.1.1.4.2.1 vision
2.2.1.1.5 intralaminar-midline thalamic group
2.2.1.1.5.1 central medial nucleus
2.2.1.1.5.2 paraventricular nucleus
2.2.1.1.6 thalamic reticular nucleus
2.2.1.1.6.1 ascending activating system (ARAS)
2.2.1.2 Subthalamus
2.2.1.2.1 zona incerta
2.2.1.2.1.1 suppress ventral caudal thalamic nucleus
2.2.1.2.1.2 damage : pain
2.2.1.2.2 subthalamic nucleus
2.2.1.2.3 white matter fields
2.2.1.3 Metathalamus
2.2.1.3.1 lateral geniculate body
2.2.1.3.1.1 visual pathway
2.2.1.3.2 medial geniculate body
2.2.1.3.2.1 auditory pathway
2.2.1.4 Epithalamus
2.2.1.4.1 pineal gland
2.2.1.4.1.1 melatonin
2.2.1.4.1.1.1 suppress gonadotropin-releasing h.
2.2.1.4.1.1.2 promote sleep
2.2.1.4.2 habenular
2.2.1.4.2.1 olfactory relay station
2.2.1.4.2.1.1 limbic system
2.2.1.5 hypothalamus
2.2.1.5.1 tuber cinereum
2.2.1.5.1.1 infundibulum
2.2.1.5.2 optic chiasm
2.2.1.5.3 mamillary body
2.2.2 3rd ventricle
3 Rhombencephalon
3.1 Metencephalon
3.1.1 Cerebellum
3.1.1.1 vermis
3.1.1.2 cerebellar hemisphere
3.1.1.3 cerebellar nuclei
3.1.1.3.1 fastigial
3.1.1.3.2 interpositus
3.1.1.3.3 dentate
3.1.1.4 cerebellar peduncle
3.1.1.4.1 rostral cerebellar peduncle
3.1.1.4.1.1 connect midbrain
3.1.1.4.2 middle cerebellar peduncle
3.1.1.4.2.1 connect pons
3.1.1.4.3 caudal cerebellar peduncle
3.1.1.4.3.1 connect medulla oblongata
3.1.2 Pons
3.1.2.1 parabrachial nuclei
3.1.2.2 locus ceruleus
3.1.2.2.1 release norepinephine : mood, enhance arousal
3.1.2.3 trigeminal nerve (CN5)
3.1.2.3.1 nucleus of spinal tract of V
3.1.2.3.1.1 pain, รับสัมผัสหยาบบริเวณใบหน้า
3.1.2.3.2 pontine sensory nucleus of V
3.1.2.3.2.1 รับสัมผัสละเอียดบริเวณใบหน้า
3.1.2.3.3 nucleus of mesencephalic tract of V
3.1.2.3.3.1 propioceptive ข้อต่อขากรรไกร
3.1.2.3.4 motor nucleus of V
3.1.2.3.4.1 เลี้ยงกล้ามเนื้อเกี่ยวกับการเคี้ยว
3.1.3 4th ventricle
3.2 Myelencephalon
3.2.1 Medulla oblongata
3.2.1.1 pyramid
3.2.1.1.1 corticospinal tract (pyramidal tract)
3.2.1.2 cardiac, respiratory, vomiting, vasomotor centers, ANS ; breathing, heart rate, blood pressure
3.2.1.3 trapezoid body
3.2.1.3.1 auditory
3.2.1.4 olivary nucleus
3.2.2 4th ventricle
3.3 Spinal cord
3.3.1 central canal
3.3.2 Spinal segment
3.3.2.1 Cervical segment 1-8
3.3.2.2 Thoracic segment 1-13
3.3.2.3 Lumbar segment 1-7
3.3.2.4 Sacral segment 1-3
3.3.2.4.1 Lumbar column 5
3.3.2.5 Coccygeal 1-5
3.3.2.5.1 Lumbar column 6
3.3.3 caudally
3.3.3.1 conus medullaris
3.3.3.2 filum terminale
3.3.3.3 cauda equina
3.3.4 enlargement
3.3.4.1 cervical enlargement C6-T1
3.3.4.1.1 brachial plexus
3.3.4.1.2 fasciculus gracilis
3.3.4.1.3 fasciculus cuneatus
3.3.4.2 lumbar enlargement L5-S1
3.3.4.2.1 lumbosacral plexus
3.3.4.2.2 fasciculus gracilis
3.3.5 spinal root
3.3.5.1 dorsal root
3.3.5.1.1 spinal ganglion
3.3.5.2 ventral root
3.3.6 spinal reflex
3.3.6.1 patella reflex
3.3.6.1.1 L4 - L6
3.3.6.2 withdrawal reflex
3.3.6.2.1 thoracic limb
3.3.6.2.1.1 C6 - T1
3.3.6.2.2 pelvic limb
3.3.6.2.2.1 L5 - S1
3.3.6.3 cutaneous trunci reflex
4 meninges
4.1 dura mater
4.1.1 falx ceribri
4.1.1.1 in longitudinal fissure
4.1.2 tentorium cerebelli
4.1.2.1 in transverse fissure
4.2 arachnoid mater
4.2.1 subarachnoid space
4.2.1.1 contain CSF
4.3 pia mater
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