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Jackson Pollock

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art history class exam 1
Cierra Washington
Mind Map by Cierra Washington, updated more than 1 year ago
Cierra Washington
Created by Cierra Washington over 6 years ago
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Resource summary

Jackson Pollock
  1. People
    1. Jackson Pollock
      1. Carl Jung
        1. Swiss psychoanalyst~ collective unconscious; beneath one's private memories is a storehouse of feelings and symbolic associations common to all humans
        2. Hans Hoffman
          1. German painter who attended the NY Art Student's League, taught Krasner and had a close relationship with Pollock; he believed that there should be contrast in the color, texture and form of a painting; wanted to stay linked to the world of objects
          2. Lee Krasner
            1. wife of Pollock (mother-son relationship), student of Hoffman, devoted her life to making Pollock a greatly known artist; introduced him to Peggy Guggenheim
            2. William de Kooning
              1. a Dutch American expressionist artist who put cubism, surrealism, and expressionism together in his work; famous for his pictures of women, blended the figure and the ground, inspired by Picasso
              2. Thomas Hart Benton
                1. mentor of Pollock, Threshing Wheat~ showed the changing tech in the West and the commercialization (regionalism), teaches @ the Art Student's League
                2. David Siqueros
                  1. encouraged abstractism
                  2. Pablo Picasso
                    1. created the first cubist painting; was not liked by Pollock; distorted human figure
                    2. Peggy Guggenheim
                      1. a gallery owner who gave Pollock a stipen to paint; he would get money for the paintings he sold and would get no extra money if the paintings did not sell; eventually her gallery closes, and Pollock was not paid
                      2. Hans Namuth
                        1. photographer and filmmaker who documented Pollock; this documentation led to Pollock's downfall back into alcoholism
                        2. Clement Greenberg
                          1. critic that helped make Pollock's career by getting him on the cover of Time Magazine
                          2. Jack the Dripper
                            1. a nickname given to Pollock between 1947-1950 when he began Drip Painting
                            2. Ruth Kligman
                              1. Pollock's girlfriend whom he had an affair with while married to Krasner; she was the only one to survive the crash
                              2. Edith metzer
                                1. a friend of Klingman who was killed in the car crash caused by Pollock
                                2. David Alfaro Siqueros
                                  1. a Mexican social realist painter who inspired Pollock with his nontraditional painting techniques like air brushing and pouring
                                  2. Joan Miro
                                    1. Spanish painter who focused on abstractism and surrealism; Pollock studied his work for the distorted human form
                                    2. Ed Harris
                                      1. directed and acted the part of Pollock in the Hollywood film Pollock
                                      2. Marcia Gay harden
                                        1. played the part of Lee Krasner in the Hollywood film Pollock
                                        2. Robert Mother well
                                          1. an American painter who attended the NY School The Art Student' s League; dramatic and bright brush strokes, energetic imagery, pure emotional response. His collage also concerned itself with an awareness of the presence of the artist in a work. Using torn paper on minimalist backgrounds,
                                          2. Arshile Gorky
                                            1. he was an ethnically Armenian painter who played a large role in the emergence of the Abstractism Era; he borrowed from the surrealist, but incorporated more color and personal content;
                                          3. Art Terms
                                            1. Abstract Expressionism
                                              1. (40s&50s) expressing profound social alienation in the wake of WW2, making art that was both moral and universal
                                                1. action painting~active paint handling
                                                  1. color field painting~broad sweeping expanses of color
                                                    1. borrowed from the surrealist the idea of examining the unconscious
                                                    2. Cubism
                                                      1. look @ something from multiple angles @ the same time
                                                      2. Regionalism/ American Scene Painting
                                                        1. The artistic focus was from artists who shunned city life, and rapidly developing technological advances, to create scenes of rural life; adopted by Benton and for a short time,Pollock
                                                        2. Automatism
                                                          1. paint is applied directly to the canvas without any planning or preconceived ideas
                                                          2. Drip Painting
                                                            1. paint is dripped or poured onto the canvas; an art form pioneered by Jackson Pollock
                                                            2. Navajo Sand Painting
                                                              1. paints loosely upon the ground of a hogan, where the ceremony takes place, or on a buckskin or cloth tarpaulin, by letting the coloured sands flow through his fingers; this inspired Pollock as he painted on the ground letting the paint flow from his sticks and brushes
                                                              2. Abstraction
                                                                1. seeks to break away from traditional representation of physical objects; Pollock rarely showed identifiable figures in his paintings
                                                              3. Places/Things
                                                                1. WPA (The Works Project Administration
                                                                  1. gov't pays artist to document and reguevenate through art; Pollock and his brother join
                                                                  2. The Springs, Long Island
                                                                    1. where Pollock and Krasner move to buy their first house; Pollock is very productive here~ using an abandoned barn as his studio
                                                                    2. The Art Student's League
                                                                      1. @ age 18 Pollock moved to NYC to study here; met Benton here; during his time here he participated in his first exhibition @ Brooklyn Museum
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