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Created by kenzieaj14 almost 5 years ago


chapter three chemisty

Resource summary

1 can be divided into
1.1 organic chemistry
1.1.1 is living which are organic molecules molecules that contain both carbon and hydrogen atoms are organic compound called biomolocules which are carbohydrates lipids proteins nucleic acids are isomers molecules that have identical molecular formulas but different arrangements of atoms glucose is a hexose 6 carbon atoms is critical to biological function is major source of cellular full largest is polymers are constructed by linking together a large number of the same type of subunit which are monomers subunit 2 types fats triglycerides oils fatty acid is caused by glycerol during dehydration attached is phospholipids are waxes long chain fatty acids lead to dehydration reaction using condensation to bulid up any biomolcules requires emzymes speeds up reaction by bringing reactants together helping to form new molocules participates in reaction but is unchanged hydrolysis break down biomolcules are monosaccharides single sugar molecule, simple sugars 2 of these are joined during dehydration to form disaccharide are polysaccharides short term energy storage variety is possible by chemical properties which are atoms broken down into carbon atom has 8 electrons is a hydrocarbon which are chains of carbon atoms forms bonds double bonds which affects a molecules bonds shapes and funcions single bonds creates functional groups specific combination of bonded atoms that always react the same way, regardless of the carbon sceleton also called carbon sceleton can be broken into hydrophobic is not soluble in water hydrophilic is soluble in water
1.2 inorganic chemistry
1.2.1 is non living
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