"Knowledge within a discipline developes according to the principles of natural selection"

bernardo.101614
Mind Map by bernardo.101614, updated more than 1 year ago
bernardo.101614
Created by bernardo.101614 over 6 years ago
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TOK mindmap about title number 2

Resource summary

"Knowledge within a discipline developes according to the principles of natural selection"
  1. Thesis
    1. The process of natural selection follows the principle which indicates that the fittest will survive, furthermore it is a scientific principle of evolution, which means change, when we apply such principle to knowledge I am able to understand how knowledge might be aprove or discard by the enviornment were is been exposed. Natural selection is a principle we can use to understand the way knowledge is approve in a society. By fittest we must specify that is the answer to the pressure of the environment therefore it is a selection not an immediate change.
      1. There are examples of knowledge which is accepted as a fact but has been discard by the way it has been produced
        1. Some knowledge cannot be aproved because it is not fit in the specific environment
          1. Area of Knowledge
            1. History
              1. Example
                1. The pyramids of Giza
                2. Argument
                  1. It is easier to accept facts rather to question their relaiability, from were do we obtain conclusions
          2. How can an enviroment approve or discard knowledge? And the principle of competition in natural selection
            1. By accepting it as trustful or by disapproving it
              1. Area of Knowledge
                1. Ethics
                  1. Example
                    1. CAS Exprience and Cuba (medicine)
                    2. Argument
                      1. Some knowledge is discarded or accepted because there is no competition. When knowledge is share from communities to the world it has a larger competition
              2. The idea of fittest clearly fulfills the concepts of developing knowledge
                1. Being fittest means having qualities which succede in the environment, example; your knowledge is supported by others findings
                  1. Area of Knowledge
                    1. The arts
                      1. Argument
                        1. By being "trendy" knowledge can be accepted as a fact, since it does not require a questioning follows the principle of competition
                        2. Example
                          1. Mexican Revolution paintings by Frida and Diego. How can art portray something without questioning if it really happen
                  2. Ideas
                2. Counter-arguments
                  1. Not all the knowlege evolves
                    1. We may satate that knowledge is not a product of evolution; change, but knowledge is the product of comprobation
                      1. Not all knowledge passes through a process of evaluation, or has a pressure from environment
                        1. How efficent is using a scientific concept as a formulae to evaluate the process of knowledge
                        2. Areas
                          1. History
                            1. Why?
                              1. When we try to find an equilibrium of the study of the past and the study of knowledge we are able to find a serie of knowlege which has been or greetly missunderstood or incredibly elevated and sometimes missunderstood. Since it is more comfortable to interpret knowlege as true, without questioning it. continue to be accepted by society as a fact.
                                1. Example
                                  1. Communism and anarchism are bad is a missconception
                            2. Ethics
                              1. Why?
                                1. While ethics is the study of morality it is important to evaluate this title in this area, since it will be unethical to ignore someones knowledge.
                                  1. Example
                                    1. CAS Experience
                                      1. Discarding a knowledge just because the source is not relaiable
                                        1. What makes a source relaible? and why does it need to be relaiable
                              2. The human sciences
                                1. Why?
                                  1. Anthropology, do we asses knowledge?
                                    1. Example
                                      1. Education and critical reassoning
                                    2. There are communities of knowledge, were we accept something as true just because there is no competition (no other knowledge)
                                      1. Example
                                        1. Cuba as a community of knowledge by been isolated from the modern world, developed their own pharmaceutical products for cancer and VIH for example
                                          1. Following the principle of Natural Selection, their realiability has been lost since they are no longer isolated and have acces to other knowledge (competition)
                                2. TOK Question
                                  1. To what extent can we measure the pressure of the environment to the knowledge that is been shared also being evaluated and only after this be sheared and accpeted by the society?
                                    1. + Q
                                      1. To what extent can we use scientific concepts to evaluate something as abstract as knowledge, while science is focused in numbers and clear data?
                                        1. Until which point can knowledge be evaluated as a process?
                                    2. Interest
                                      1. I am particulary interest in this title because I enjoy the combination of the questioning of knowledge and scince involve. I believe there are somethings science cannot explain and knowledge is one of them...
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