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ENZYMES

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BIOLOGY UNIT 1
emilywilliams
Mind Map by emilywilliams, updated more than 1 year ago
emilywilliams
Created by emilywilliams over 6 years ago
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Resource summary

ENZYMES
  1. PROTEIN MOLECULES THAT SPEED UP THE RATE OF REACTIONS THAT OCCUR
    1. KNOWN AS CATALYSTS
    2. PROPERTIES
      1. USUALLY PROTEINS
        1. SPEED UP REACTIONS
          1. NOT DESTROYED BY CHEMICAL READTION
            1. REUSED
              1. REQUIRED IN SMALL AMOUNT
              2. SPECIFIC
                1. NORMALLY CATALYSE 1 REACTION
                  1. ACTIVE SITE
                  2. CAN REVERSE A REACTION
                    1. USUALLY SOLUBLE IN WATER
                      1. SYNTHESISED IN CELL
                        1. SPECIFIC ENVIRONMENT NEEDED
                        2. ACTIVATION ENERGY
                          1. ENERGY BARRIER THAT MUST BE CROSSED TO GET A REACTION STARTED
                            1. ENERGY REQUIRED TO BREAK BONDS
                              1. ORGANIC MOLECULES REACT WITH O2
                          2. FUSION
                            1. INDUCED FIT
                              1. ONLY THE CORRECT SUBSTRATE IS CAPABLE OF MOLDING THE ENZYME
                              2. LOCK AND KEY
                                1. EACH ENZYME REACTS WITH ONLY ONE TYPE OF SUBSTRATE. THE ACTIVE SITE MATCHES THE SUBSTRATE
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