(9) What are differences between
Government and Parliament?
1.1 What or who is
1.1.1 Government is a group of elected individuals who
control the operation of the state at any particular
time. They are known as the ‘Executive’.
1.2 How are the Government
held to account?
1.2.1 Select committees
184.108.40.206 They hold the government
220.127.116.11 There arer 15 departmnent so 15 selected
committees for the house of commons
18.104.22.168 There are 4 major selected
committees for the house of lords they are:
22.214.171.124.3 Science and technolgy
126.96.36.199.4 Economic affairs
188.8.131.52 They can force a minister to answer
question in a commitee
184.108.40.206 They choice to talk about all the
topic of the goverment year
220.127.116.11 The government must respond with in
2 months to all committee reports
18.104.22.168 Selected committees represent what
the general public want to know
2.1 What is Parliament?
2.1.1 Parliament is the name to describe the House of
Commons and House of Lords (strictly in the UK).
Also known as the ‘Legislature’ – it decides whether
proposals should be implemented or not.
2.2 What is the role of the HoC?
2.2.1 The UK public elects 650 Members of
Parliament (MPs) to represent their interests
and concerns in the House of Commons.
2.2.2 MPs consider and propose new laws, and can
scrutinise government policies by asking ministers
questions about current issues either in the
Commons Chamber or in Committees
2.3 What is the role of the HoL?
2.3.1 The House of Lords is the second
chamber of the UK Parliament. It
works with the House of Commons to
22.214.171.124 check and challenge the actions of the government
126.96.36.199 make laws
188.8.131.52 provide a forum of independent expertise
2.3.2 The House of Lords Chamber spends about 60% of its
time on legislation; the other 40% is spent on scrutiny –
questioning Government and debating issues and policy.
Committee work takes place outside the Chamber.
2.4 How do the procedures of
the two houses compare?
2.4.1 More votes taken in the Commons
2.4.2 More activity in the House of Lords
– make more use of committees
2.4.3 Debate of a bill continues as long as the Lords
feel necessary – in the Commons only a limited
number of amendments can be discussed
before they are guillotined – run out of time
2.4.4 There is a 15 minute limit on backbench
speeches – forces Lords to be focused.