(4) The Evaualtion of functions of Parliament


A level Governing the UK - 2C ( Parliament) Mind Map on (4) The Evaualtion of functions of Parliament, created by Marcus Danvers on 10/23/2013.
Mind Map by Marcus Danvers, updated more than 1 year ago
Created by Marcus Danvers over 9 years ago

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(4) The Evaualtion of functions of Parliament
  1. Legislature
    1. Legislature is the branch of government which has the power to laws through formal enactment of legislation (statutes).
      1. Parliament MAKES these laws and is the supreme legislature of the UK because it can make, unmake and amend any law it wishes (subject to EU law) due to Parliamentary Sovereignty.
        1. Parliament is unrestricted due to our uncodified constitution. Devolved assemblies, local authorities and ministers can only make laws because Parliament allows them to.
          1. Most of Parliament’s time is spent considering government’s legislative programme and only a small number of bills (private members bills) are initiated by backbenchers (if they have government support)
            1. Party control of the Commons means that government bills are rarely defeated, and most amendments affect the details of the legislation, not its major principles. Therefore these bills only need tweaking, not scrapping. Legislation is passed through government rather than by Parliament.
              1. Lords play a subordinate role in the legislative process because their roles are to ‘clean up’ bills which need further scrutiny.
              2. Representation
                1. Parliament links the government and the people, illustrated by its parliamentary democratic system.
                  1. It represents society by the election of MPs into the Commons and the relationship between MPs and their constituents.
                    1. The traditional view is that MPs make their judgement on behalf of their constituents, whereas the doctrine of the mandate * suggests that MPs serve their constituents by ‘toeing a party line’.
                      1. *theory of representation that by winning an election, the party gains a ‘popular’ authority to lead on policies outlined in their manifesto
                      2. House of Lords in unelected, has no representative role and undermines the democratic system.
                        1. ‘First past the post’ voting system undermines the effectiveness of representation in the House of Commons
                          1. disproportionality of seats to votes gained, size of the party and its distribution of support
                          2. MPs and peers are socially unrepresentative of larger society.
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