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Constructing Deviance

Description

Deviance, Social Power and Rule creating
jsimek
Mind Map by jsimek, updated more than 1 year ago
jsimek
Created by jsimek over 6 years ago
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Resource summary

Constructing Deviance
  1. Moral Entrepreneurs
    1. Construct Moral Meaning - Institutions - Agencies - Symbols - Communication
      1. Deviance Making
        1. Rule Creating - Politicians - Crusaders - Teachers - Parents - School - Administrators - Business Leaders
          1. Rule Enforcing - Police - Prosecutors - Judges - Agents
          2. Rule Creating
            1. Individuals - First Lady - John Walsh (Most Wanted) - Michael Moore (Business & Violence)
              1. Groups- Mothers against drunk driving - Group against smoking pollution
                1. Moral Entrepreneurs - Public morality - Awareness of problem
                  1. Claims Making - Danger messages - Drunk Driving - Hate Crimes - Second hand smoking
                    1. Stages - Rhetorical Methods - Claimsmakers (Elements of drama_ - Seek & attract media - Seek Support
                  2. Differential Social Power: Labeling
                    1. Money - Campaign contributions to sway politicians
                      1. Race & Ethnicity - Dominate white group behaviors
                        1. Gender- Women have less social power
                          1. Age - Less respect for society
                          2. Differential Social Power: Resisting Labeling
                            1. Some groups have greater resources to avoid being labeled
                              1. May hire media or legal experts positive collective images
                                1. Not all engage in expected gender behavior
                                  1. - Includes stigmatization - Encourage compliance
                                  2. Womens Violation of Traditional gender role norms
                                    1. Threat to Patriarchy
                                    2. Lesbianism in Women's Sport
                                      1. Personal and Irrelevant
                                        1. Disguising Athletic identity to avoid lesbian level
                                      2. Social Construction of drug scares Reinarman
                                        1. Drug scares & Drug Laws
                                          1. Cultural origins Understood
                                            1. Marked public concern
                                              1. Alcohol- Led by middle class
                                                1. Anti-Opium - 1875 against Chinese immigrants
                                                  1. Anti-Marijuana - Laws of Great Depression
                                                    1. 1980s Crack cocaine scare
                                                      1. 7 Elements - Kernel of truth - Media magnification - Politico-moral entrepreneurs - Professional interests groups - Historical context of conflict - Dangerous class - Scapegoating a drug
                                                        1. Toward a Culturally specific theory of drug scares
                                                          1. Drug scares occur more
                                                            1. -Claims about evil of drugs - Self Control - New consumer culture
                                                        2. Blowing smoke: Status politics & Smoking Ban Tuggle and Holmes
                                                          1. Status Politics & Creation of Deviance
                                                            1. Deviance socially constructed - Define and construct reality- Status conflicts - Political competition - Upper social strata
                                                              1. Assimilative or Coercive Reforms
                                                                1. Assimilative- Sympathy for deviant engenders
                                                                  1. Coercive- Deviants viewed as denying moral
                                                                  2. Moral Entrepreneur cannot succeed alone
                                                                  3. Status Politics of Cigarette Smoking
                                                                    1. - End smoking in public facilities - Smoking universally accepted - Socially deviant
                                                                      1. - Bodily Purity - Lifestyle of working class - Early remedial efforts focused on publicizing the perils of smoking
                                                                        1. -Remaining smokers enemy - Social control to ban efforts - Rooted in moral crusaders - Lower social status
                                                                        2. Disadvantage of a good Reputation: Disney as a target for social problems claims Best and Lowney
                                                                          1. Bad Reputations - Enduring stigma - Negative stereotypes
                                                                            1. Good Reputations - Convey advantages - High Grade point - Open doors for individuals that remain closed
                                                                              1. Claimsmakers - Compete in social problems - Rhetorical elements - Revise and rework claims
                                                                                1. Blowback - Negative consequences - Good reputations can be susceptible
                                                                                  1. Claimsmaking rhetoric of Disney Corporation
                                                                                    1. - Conservative Christians - Political Progressives - Social Scientists
                                                                                      1. Conservative Christians
                                                                                        1. - Boycott Disney - Helping to fund other - AFA called boycott
                                                                                        2. Political Progressives
                                                                                          1. - Challenged Disney's reputation - Unionization of its workers - Third-World working conditions - Endorsing capitalism - Promoting hegemonic
                                                                                          2. Social Scientists
                                                                                            1. - Inauthentic Experience - Offer fun- Controlled behavior - Social Trends
                                                                                        3. Legitimated Suppression: Inner- City Mexican- Americans and the Police Duran
                                                                                          1. Policing Gangs
                                                                                            1. - Gang Members Labeled by police - Most Poor
                                                                                            2. - 3 or more people - Intellegience gathering - "Lock-em" approach
                                                                                              1. Mathods & Settings
                                                                                                1. Study Focus & Design
                                                                                                  1. - Two barrio communities - Over 5 ear period - Ethnographic Research Methods
                                                                                                    1. - Direct Observation - Casual Interaction - Semi- Structured Interviews - Inrospection - Photography - Videotaping
                                                                                                2. Systematic Suppression
                                                                                                  1. - Intelligence gathering - "Broken-Window Theory"
                                                                                                  2. Homophobia & Women's Sport Blind and Taub
                                                                                                    1. Central to Patriarchal Society is Well-Established Gender Order
                                                                                                      1. - Defined Norms - Via socialization network
                                                                                                    2. Mark of a Criminal Record Pager
                                                                                                      1. Consequences of incarceration on employment for black and white men
                                                                                                        1. Trends in Incarceration
                                                                                                          1. 2 Million incarcerated - Longer sentences - Little Planning - Recidivism High
                                                                                                            1. - Limited future employment and earnings
                                                                                                              1. - If criminal record differs for black and whit job applicants - Little or no previous research
                                                                                                              2. The Saints and the Roughnecks Chambliss
                                                                                                                1. Saints
                                                                                                                  1. - Getting out of school early - Minimum Danger of detection
                                                                                                                    1. - Activities Committing crimes
                                                                                                                      1. - Highly Successful in school - Role models - cheating on exams
                                                                                                                    2. Roughnecks
                                                                                                                      1. - Opposite of saints
                                                                                                                        1. Seen negativly as heading for trouble
                                                                                                                          1. Constantly in trouble
                                                                                                                            1. Not meeting academic standards
                                                                                                                            2. Doctors and the Context of Medical Crime and Deviance Liederbach
                                                                                                                              1. "Protective Cloak"
                                                                                                                                1. - Privileged caste - Honored rank - Attributes connected
                                                                                                                                  1. Altruism - Creates assumption
                                                                                                                                    1. Autonomy - Medical review boards - Immune to legal scrutiny -Facilitate criminal opportunities
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