Chapter 5: Sociological research methods

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AS Sociology Mind Map on Chapter 5: Sociological research methods, created by hannahvullo on 11/22/2013.

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hannahvullo
Created by hannahvullo almost 6 years ago
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Chapter 5: Sociological research methods
1 Qualitative methods
1.1 Why use?
1.1.1 Useful for illegal for deviant activities
1.1.2 Gives real insight
1.2 Problems of qualitative methods
1.2.1 Bias
1.2.2 Generalisability
1.2.3 Reliability
1.2.4 Influence on group being studied
1.2.5 Types of observational method
1.2.5.1 Participant
1.2.5.2 Non - Participant
1.2.5.3 Covert/Overt?
2 Mixed Methods or triangulation
2.1 Sociologists often use two or more approaches
3 Theoretical and ethical issues
3.1 How theoretical issues influence research
3.1.1 suggest one research topic rather than another
3.1.2 Influence research method choosen
3.1.3 Influence interpretation of research findings
3.2 How ethical issues influence research
3.2.1 Influence choice of research topic
3.2.2 Ask researcher to consider the effects of the research
3.2.3 Influence who is chosen to be researched
3.2.4 Raise issue of whether researcher may act immorally or illegally during research
4 Secondary Data
4.1 Why use?
4.1.1 Allows historical research
4.1.2 Good where 'primary methods' (surveys, participants, observation, etc.) not possible
4.2 Types of secondary data
4.2.1 Previous research
4.2.2 Official publications
4.2.3 Diaries and letters
4.2.4 Novels and fiction
4.2.5 Oral and family history
4.2.6 The media
4.3 Problems of secondary data
4.3.1 Inaccuracy or bias in original source
4.3.2 Censorship
5 What does sociological research do?
5.1 Gathers data
5.1.1 Primary
5.1.2 Secondary
5.2 Makes correlations
5.3 Suggests/confirms correlations
6 Quantitative methods
6.1 Ways of asking questions
6.1.1 Interviews
6.1.2 Questionnaires
6.2 Why Use?
6.2.1 Allows use of statistical test
6.2.2 Less bias
6.2.3 Good overview of society
6.3 Problems of quantitative methods
6.3.1 fails to get 'lived experience'
6.3.1.1 Validity
6.3.1.2 Reliability
6.4 Types of quantitative method
6.4.1 Case studies
6.4.2 Comparative research
6.4.3 Experiments
6.4.4 Survey
6.4.4.1 Cross - Sectional
6.4.4.2 Longitudinal

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