Organic Chemistry (Aliphatic)

Cindy Lam
Mind Map by , created over 6 years ago

Chemistry (Organic Chem) Mind Map on Organic Chemistry (Aliphatic), created by Cindy Lam on 04/04/2013.

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Cindy Lam
Created by Cindy Lam over 6 years ago
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Organic Chemistry (Aliphatic)
1 Carboxylic Acid (RCOOH)
1.1 Formation
1.1.1 Oxidation of Aldehydes
1.1.2 Hydrolysis of Esters, AC, nitriles, amides
1.2 P.Prop
1.2.1 H-bond → soluble in organic solvents and water
1.3 RCOOH + PCL5 → RCOCl + POCl3 + HCl
1.3.1 Formation of Acyl Chloride (RCOCl)
2 Esters (R'COOR)
2.1 Formation
2.1.1 C.A + A: Reflux, Strong acid
2.1.2 AC/AA + A: Reflux, Dry
2.1.2.1 AA less reactive → slower, less toxic, less exothermic
2.2 C.Prop
2.2.1 Relatively unreactive
2.3 Hydrolysis break O bridge
2.3.1 Acidic: Reversible
2.3.2 Basic: 1D, Water soluble ionic salt formed, then react with HCl
2.4 Uses
2.4.1 Nice smell
2.4.2 Solvent
2.4.3 Plasticisers
2.4.4 Saponification - Alkaline Hydrolysis of triglycerol esters
2.4.5 Biodiesel
3 Amides (RCONH2)
3.1 Hydrolysis
3.1.1 +H2O → RCOOH + NH3
3.1.2 +HCl → RCOOH + NH4Cl
3.1.3 +NaOH → RCOONa + NH3
3.2 Reduce to primary amines
4 Nitriles (RCN)
5 Aldehydes (RCHO)
5.1 Formation
5.1.1 Oxi of primary Alcohols
5.1.2 Reduction of CA
5.2 Easily oxidised
6 Ketones (R'COR)
6.1 Oxi of secondary alcohols
6.2 Resistant to oxidation
7 Acyl Chlorides (RCOCl)
7.1 +Amines → N-substituted amides
7.2 +Ammonia → Amide
7.3 → Esters
8 Alcohol (ROH)
9 Identification Tests

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