A plant grows through the process of
photosynthesis which needs light to
maintain the process of growth.
•Both plant and animal cells
include nucleus, cell
membrane and mitochondria,
which are part of their
•The main function of a plant cells is
to carry all processes that are needed
to facilitate plant life.
The plant cell also houses different
kind’s structural properties to an
animal cell yet still contains some
A plant cell can be included in the category of
eukaryotic cells. These are the cells that have
a well-defined nucleus.
•The structure of the plant cell includes cellulose,
chloroplasts, chlorophyll and vacuoles. Plasma
membrane, nucleus, nucleolus and mitochondria
are also included in the structure of a plant cell.
The endoplasmic reticulum, Golgi apparatus and
microtubules are other features of the plant cell.
Cell walls are made up of cellulose, which
humans cannot digest. These walls are
visible under a microscope and resemble a
thick outline around the plant cells.
There are both similarities and differences
between plant and animal cells. They are
both basic units of life, which compose all
living organisms. However, plant and animal
cells may have a different function and a
•There are two types of
reproduction in plants.
They can be asexual,
when the cell splits in
two, and sexual, when
two cells combine to
create one living cell.
•Plant cells have
cell walls in which
they can store
•A plant cell is the structural and
functional unit for all plant
Through photosynthesis sunlight, water and
carbon dioxide are transformed into energy,
water and oxygen. This is an important process
for the support of all forms of life.
•Cell walls of plants are
made up of cellulose,
hemicellulose and pectin.
Bacteria are the simplest of
creatures that are considered
Flagella - a small tail
like shape that allows
the cell to swim
They are prokaryotic cells
Some help plants absorb nitrogen (N)
from the soil.
Some cause diseases like food poisoning.
There are more bacterial cells in
the body than human cells.
Some bacteria even live inside
the stomachs of cows to help
them break down cellulose.
Bacterial cells are much smaller than
plant or animal cells. They were first seen
under a microscope
Spherical bacteria are in the shape of
little spheres or balls. They are
arranged in rows of circles.
Bacterial cells are much smaller than plant
or animal cells. They were first seen under
a microscope in 1676
Spiral shaped bacteria twist a
little. Think about balloon
animals for these shapes. It's
like a balloon animal in the
shape of a corkscrew.
Bacterial cells do not
contain chloroplasts (like
animal cells but unlike
plant cells). In addition,
unlike animal and plant
cells, bacterial cells lack:
A 'true' nucleus
Instead of a cell nucleus containing
chromosomes, the DNA in bacterial cells is
arranged in a single circular strand in the
The cell membrane
substances leave and
enter the cell.
Animal cells have an inbuilt self-destruct
system which is resorted to when a cell
becomes damaged beyond repair or gets
The vacuole stores molecuels that are
needed and isolates harmful material.
The smallest unit of
The cell wall stops the cell from
bursting and maintains the shape
of the cell.
Animal cells are nano chemical factories that are completely self-sufficient! The cells
themselves manufacture everything that constitutes them.
Contain DNA instead of genetic material.
The size of a single, random animal cell
can fall anywhere between 1 and 100
The mitochondria produces energy
the cell needs through respiration.
The nucleus is the
control centre of the cell.
Cells are not the tiniest particles on
earth! Each cell is made up of a
number of even tinier particles
known as atoms
The cytoplasm is where
chemical reactions are made.