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Pre-Historic Architecture

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Mind Map on Pre-Historic Architecture, created by Richard Ayo on 10/24/2015.
Richard  Ayo
Mind Map by Richard Ayo, updated more than 1 year ago
Richard  Ayo
Created by Richard Ayo over 6 years ago
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Resource summary

Pre-Historic Architecture
  1. Pre-historic Architecture
    1. Direct Human Ancestor Evolved in?
      1. How Many Years This Direct Ancestors Discovered
        1. Who are those four (4) Ancestors who live in Pre-Historic Day?
          1. The Success of the Human Race was largely due to the developement of what?
            1. What are the Tools Used in Pre-Historic Times
              1. Made of Stone
                1. Made of Wood
                  1. Made of Rocks
                  2. Tools
                  3. Homo Habilis
                    1. Homo Erectus
                      1. Homo Sapiens
                        1. Homo Sapiens Sapiens
                        2. 2.3 Million years ago..
                        3. Africa
                        4. What are the Four (4) Great Constructive Principles
                          1. Post & Lintel Construction
                            1. Arch & Vault Construction
                              1. Corbel or Cantilever Construction
                                1. Trussed Construction
                                2. What are the Three (3) Classification of Early Known Architecture
                                  1. Dwellings
                                    1. What are the Three (3) Pre-Historic Dwellings
                                      1. Rock Cave
                                        1. Earliest from of dwellings
                                        2. Tents
                                          1. Made from tree barks, Animal skin & Plant Leaves
                                          2. Huts
                                            1. Usually made up of reeds, brushes and wattles
                                              1. Huts Made up of Rocks & Stones
                                        3. Religious Monuments
                                          1. What are the Three (3) Pre-Historic Religious Monuments
                                            1. Monolith
                                              1. Isolated single upright stone also known as menhir
                                                1. Menhir
                                                  1. It is a Memorial Victory of a tribe, Prototypes of Egyptian Pyramid
                                                2. Megalithic
                                                  1. Megalithic is most evidence on what countries?
                                                    1. France
                                                      1. England
                                                      2. Several numbers of stone?
                                                        1. What are the Two (2) Type of Megalithic
                                                          1. Dolmen
                                                            1. 2 or more upright stones supporting a horizontal slab
                                                              1. Two (2) Standing Stones Usually capped with a large horizontal slab
                                                              2. Cromlech
                                                                1. 3 or more upright stones capped by an unchained flat stone, Indicates place of religious rites, e.g. Lanyon Cornwall
                                                                  1. 2 to 3 upright stones with one slab on top
                                                              3. Stone Circle or Stone Rows
                                                                1. Made-up of 3,000 Stones e.g. "Stonehenge", Located at Wiltshire & on Salisbury Plain
                                                                  1. Stonehenge
                                                                    1. "Stonehenge" located at what location?
                                                                      1. Wiltshire
                                                                        1. Salisbury Plain
                                                                        2. Are made-up of Concentric Rings
                                                                          1. Stonehenge compose of?
                                                                            1. Outer Ring 106' in diameter
                                                                              1. Isolated Blue Stone
                                                                                1. Innermost Circle
                                                                                  1. Smaller Blue Stone
                                                                                  2. Most spectacular and imposing of monolithic monuments. Outer ring, Inner ring, innermost horseshoe-shaped ring with open end facing east.
                                                                                    1. Where can we found Stonehenge
                                                                                      1. England
                                                                                      2. What date Stonehenge Discover
                                                                                        1. 2,800 - 1500 BC
                                                                                        2. lagest stone weigh 45 to 50 tons, came from wales 200km away stone transported by sea or river then hauled on land with sledges and rollers by hundreds of people, raised upright into pits, capped with lintels
                                                                                          1. Stonehenge defines exterior spaces
                                                                                            1. Genuine Architecture
                                                                                            2. Stonehenge designed to mark the sun's path during sunrise on mid summer day
                                                                                              1. Solar Observatory
                                                                                    2. Burial Mounds
                                                                                      1. Tumuli
                                                                                        1. Earthen mounds use for burials of several to couple hundred of ordinary persons.
                                                                                          1. Other names for Tumuli
                                                                                            1. Barrows
                                                                                          2. Beehive huts
                                                                                            1. This burial structure has protypes of Pyramid in Egypt
                                                                                      2. It is the Record of Mans effort to build beautifully. It traces the origin, growth and decline of architectural styles which have prevailed lands and ages.
                                                                                        1. What are the Six (6) Influence of Architecture
                                                                                          1. Geographical
                                                                                            1. Geological
                                                                                              1. Other Material Used
                                                                                                1. Animal Skin
                                                                                                  1. Wooden Frames
                                                                                                    1. Animal Bones
                                                                                                    2. Construction System Evidence in?
                                                                                                      1. Existing Caves
                                                                                                        1. Excavated Caves
                                                                                                          1. Megalithic
                                                                                                          2. Decoration Evidence
                                                                                                            1. Caves painting in africa
                                                                                                              1. Caves painting in France
                                                                                                                1. Caves painting in Spain
                                                                                                                  1. Sculpture
                                                                                                                2. Climatic
                                                                                                                  1. Religious
                                                                                                                    1. Social
                                                                                                                      1. Historical
                                                                                                                      2. Unexplore World
                                                                                                                        1. Decoration Evidence?
                                                                                                                          1. Other Material Used?
                                                                                                                            1. Usually Made-up of reeds, brushes, and wattles?
                                                                                                                              1. Stonehenge compose of?
                                                                                                                                1. Construction System evidence in?
                                                                                                                                  1. Stonehenge located at what location?
                                                                                                                                    1. What date stonehenge discover?
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