Black Spider Monkey

fionashaw99
Mind Map by fionashaw99, updated more than 1 year ago
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Created by fionashaw99 about 6 years ago
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Description

Biology Assignment

Resource summary

Black Spider Monkey
  1. Specifications
    1. Largest primates in South America
      1. Prehensile tail
        1. Allows them to have stability
        2. Black all over, different face colour
          1. 7-9 Kilograms
            1. The body is 40-60 centimetres
              1. The tail is 60-80 centimetres
                1. Monkeys don't have thumbs
                  1. Strong, Long Tail
                    1. Agile hands and feet
                    2. Conservation Status
                      1. Vulnerable
                        1. Population
                          1. fallen by 30% over the last 45 years
                      2. Threats
                        1. Habitat Loss
                          1. Hunting by Animals
                            1. Eagles
                              1. Jaguar
                              2. Diet
                                1. Frugivores
                                  1. 90% fruit and seeds
                                    1. Omnivores
                                      1. Young Leaves
                                        1. Flowers
                                          1. Aerial roots
                                            1. Bark and decaying wood
                                              1. Honey
                                                1. Insects
                                                  1. Bird eggs
                                                    1. Eat large quantities of food in a short period of time
                                                      1. Eat food while hanging or on the move
                                                      2. Habitat
                                                        1. Central and South America
                                                          1. Found In
                                                            1. High canopy in the Rainforest
                                                              1. Tropical & Subtropical Moist Broadleaf
                                                                1. Evergreen
                                                                  1. semi deciduous
                                                                    1. mangrove forests
                                                                      1. lowland rainforest
                                                                        1. mountain forests
                                                          2. Breeding
                                                            1. Gestation period of 7-8 months
                                                              1. Every 2-3 years a female gives birth
                                                                1. Mating Rituals
                                                                  1. Female selects a male from her group with whom to mate with
                                                                    1. Female fully matured at 4-5 years
                                                                      1. Time intervals between birth is 17 to 45 months
                                                                        1. Males sexually mature at 5 years old
                                                                      2. Life Cycle
                                                                        1. Birth
                                                                          1. Juvenile
                                                                            1. Young Adult
                                                                              1. Adulthood
                                                                                1. Death
                                                                                2. K Selected
                                                                                  1. Large organism
                                                                                    1. Energy used to make each individual high
                                                                                      1. Few offspring are produced
                                                                                        1. Late maturity
                                                                                          1. Long life expectancy
                                                                                            1. Produce more than one offspring in their lifetime
                                                                                              1. Survivorship pattern
                                                                                              2. Other Breeding Programs
                                                                                                1. In captivity in Zoos
                                                                                                  1. Very little attention
                                                                                                    1. More for tourist attractions
                                                                                                      1. Inbreeding depression is threatening the spider monkeys
                                                                                                        1. Haven't been successful
                                                                                                          1. Zoological is being presented with false information
                                                                                                          2. My Breeding Program
                                                                                                            1. Captivity Diet
                                                                                                              1. Bark
                                                                                                                1. Trees
                                                                                                                  1. Celery
                                                                                                                    1. Bananas
                                                                                                                      1. Raisins
                                                                                                                        1. Apple
                                                                                                                          1. Orange
                                                                                                                            1. Carrot
                                                                                                                              1. Lettuce
                                                                                                                                1. Wheat Bread
                                                                                                                                2. Female picks a male to mate with before they are put in captivity
                                                                                                                                  1. Females to be at different reproductive stages
                                                                                                                                    1. To make sure The Spider Monkeys are producing babies at different times
                                                                                                                                    2. Only one sex in each captivity program
                                                                                                                                      1. Highly monitored
                                                                                                                                        1. To stop inbreeding
                                                                                                                                          1. Fix problems
                                                                                                                                          2. female only picks one male to breed with for the rest of her lifetime.
                                                                                                                                            1. Fresh Drinking water
                                                                                                                                              1. ropes above the water to encourage suspensory drinking positions
                                                                                                                                                1. Shelter for extreme weather
                                                                                                                                                  1. The enclosure will be changed regularly for variation for both the monkeys and regular visitors
                                                                                                                                                  2. Scientific Name
                                                                                                                                                    1. Lifestyle: Troop
                                                                                                                                                      1. Kingdom: Animalia
                                                                                                                                                        1. Phylum: Chordata
                                                                                                                                                          1. Class: Mammalia
                                                                                                                                                            1. Order: Primates
                                                                                                                                                              1. Family: Atelidae
                                                                                                                                                                1. Genus: Ateles
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