Reproduction

sulemanadam99
Mind Map by , created over 6 years ago

Biology Mind Map on Reproduction, created by sulemanadam99 on 04/05/2013.

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sulemanadam99
Created by sulemanadam99 over 6 years ago
Biology: Reproduction Flash Cards.
LV1662000
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Lilac Potato
Reproduction
1 Fertilisation
1.1 Def: Fusing of male (sperm) and female (ovum) nucleus
1.2 Internal e.g. humans, birds, reptiles
1.3 External e.g. fish
1.4 Human fertilisation
1.4.1 Egg and sperm fuse
1.4.2 Cell division
1.4.3 Ball of cells
1.4.4 Embryo
1.4.5 Implantation (embryo implants into uterus lining)
1.4.6 Foetus (9-10 weeks) has limbs and looks like human
2 Puberty
2.1 Male
2.1.1 Testes produce sperm
2.1.2 muscles develop
2.1.3 Penis grows
2.1.4 Voice breaks
2.1.5 Growth spurt
2.1.6 Hair
2.1.6.1 Pubic
2.1.6.2 Facial
2.1.6.3 Underarm
2.1.7 Stronger smell
2.2 Female
2.2.1 Growth spurt
2.2.2 Stronger smell
2.2.3 Ovaries produce eggs
2.2.4 Breasts develop
2.2.5 Hips widen
2.2.6 Hair
2.2.6.1 Underarm
2.2.6.2 Pubic
3 Gametes
3.1 Sperm cell (male)
3.1.1 Tail, streamlined shape
3.1.2 Pointed head
3.1.3 Chemicals
3.1.4 Structures in cytoplasm for energy to swim
3.1.5 Nucleus (half genetic information)
3.1.6 Produced in testes (lower temperature)
3.1.7 Adapted for fertilisation
3.1.8 Released in sugary liquid (semen) , energy for respiration/swim
3.2 Egg cell/Ovum (female)
3.2.1 Food reserves in cytoplasm
3.2.2 Nucleus (half genetic information)
3.2.3 Jelly covering
3.2.4 Released from ovaries every 28 days in mature females
4 Contraception
4.1 Pill
4.2 Condom
5 Reproductive organs
5.1 Male
5.1.1 Testes (produce sperm)
5.1.2 Sperm duct (Carries sperm form testes to urethra)
5.1.3 Urethra
5.1.4 Penis (enters female)
5.2 Female
5.2.1 Ovaries produces eggs, released every 28 days)
5.2.2 Fallopean tubes/ oviducts (carries egg from ovary to uterus)
5.2.3 Uterus/ womb (baby develops)
5.2.4 Cervix (neck of uterus, sperm deposited here
5.2.5 Vagina (muscular tube where penis enters)
6 Menstrual Cycle
6.1 Monthly changes that occur in female reproductive system every 28 days
6.2 Why? To prepare uterus lining for fertilised eggs
6.3 Day 1-5. Lining shed i.e.period
6.4 Repair of uterus wall. Lining thickens
6.5 Day 14. Ovulation/egg release
6.6 Lining stays thick, waiting for fertilised egg
6.7 If no fertilised egg, cycle restarts
6.8 If fertilised egg, implants into uterus lining
7 Development of Foetus
7.1 umbilical cord
7.1.1 Carries food, oxygen, water from mother to baby
7.1.2 Carries CO2 and waste from foetus to mother
7.1.3 Acts as barrier to harmful substances but some pass through e.g. drugs, alcohol, tobacco and viruses
7.1.4 2 bloods do not mix
7.2 Amnion
7.2.1 Amniotic fluid
7.2.1.1 Protects and supports foetus
7.2.2 Amniotic membrane
7.2.2.1 Breaks at birth
7.3 Placenta
7.3.1 Substances exchanged between mothers and foetal blood

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