Poetic Techniques

Monique Govind
Mind Map by Monique Govind, updated more than 1 year ago
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Poetic techniques for year 9 English exam.
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Poetic Techniques
1 Onomatopoeia
1.1 Onomatopoeia is when the sound of the word imitates or suggest the meaning or noise of the action described.
1.1.1 whoosh, bang, crash
1.1.2 Onomatopoeia is used to effectively emphasize a sound or point in the poem or suggest a certain emotion the author is trying to tell.
2 Metaphor
2.1 A metaphor is when one thing is said to be another without using the words 'like' or 'as'.
2.1.1 The sun is a gold coin.
2.1.2 Metaphors are often used to help the reader understand something by comparing it to something else the reader already understands. It can be used for multiple different effects in a poem.
3 Similie
3.1 A simile is a phrase that compares two things using the words 'like' or 'as'.
3.1.1 As slow as a a snail.
3.1.2 Similes are also used for similar reasons as metaphors. The only difference is that similes suggest that one thing is like the other and metaphors say that one thing is another.
4 Repetition
4.1 Repetition is when the same sound or word is repeated.
4.1.1 Because I do not hope to turn again Because I do not hope Because I do not hope to turn…
4.1.2 Repetition is used to create a powerful and convincing effect that produces deeper levels of emphasis, clarity and emotional impact.
5 Rhythm
5.1 Rhythm is the beat in a poem.
5.1.1 Twas the night before Christmas, and all through the house,
5.1.2 Rhythm contributes to the pleasure of the reader and makes the poem easier and more enjoyable to read.
6 Alliteration
6.1 Alliteration is the repetition of the first letter in a sequence or phrase.
6.1.1 Peter Piper picked a packet of purple pickles.
6.1.2 Alliteration is used to amuse the reader and create a playful effect in the poem.
7 Rhyme
7.1 Rhyme is a repetition of similar or same sounds in two or more words.
7.1.1 My mother is nice, My mother is kind, When I eat ice, She does not mind.
7.1.2 This technique keeps the poem in harmony and a rhyme scheme helps the reader to understand what is coming.
8 Personification
8.1 Personification is when a non-living thing is given human characteristics.
8.1.1 The door handle grabbed at my shirt as I ran past.
8.1.2 Personification is used to make the thing being personified seem more intimate and develop a connection between the reader and the object.
9 Assonance
9.1 Assonance is the deliberate repetition of the same vowel sound followed by a different consonant sound.
9.1.1 The boat was soaked with water.
9.1.2 Assonance is a more subtle version of alliteration that operates on a more hidden level.
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