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The role of the criminal justice system


The role of the criminal justice system notes
Mind Map by omorphos, updated more than 1 year ago
Created by omorphos over 6 years ago

Resource summary

The role of the criminal justice system
  1. The CJS (overview)
    1. The probation service
      1. The court service
        1. The police service
          1. The prison service
          2. The police
            1. Law enforcement officials shall at all times fulfill the duty imposed on them by law
              1. Duty is fulfilled by serving the community and by protecting all persons against illegal acts, consistent with the high degree and position of trust and responsibility required by their profession.
              2. Courts
                1. Her Majesty's courts of justice of England and Wales are the civil and criminal courts responsible for the administration of justice in England and Wales.
                  1. They apply English law
                    1. The courts are established under acts of the parliament of the United Kingdom.
                    2. The role of the prison service
                      1. Her majesty's prison service serves the public by keeping in custody those committed by the courts.
                        1. The duty of the prison is to look after prisoners humanely and help the lead law abiding and useful lives in custody and after release.
                          1. For example, prisons in the UK are very heavily based around the idea of rehabilitation. Prisoners now can go into education and gain useful qualifications.
                          2. The probation system
                            1. The punishment of offenders, crime reduction and reform and rehabilitation of offenders, the protection of the public, and the making of reparation by offenders to the people affected by their crimes.
                              1. The term 'probation' can be defined as a sentence whereby a convict is released from confinement but is still under court supervision; a testing or a trial period. Probation can be given in lieu of a prison term or can suspend a prison sentence if the convict has consistently demonstrated good behavior.
                              2. How does the system work?
                                1. Being arrested after being suspected of committing an offence
                                  1. Being taken to the police station where the person accused is interviewed
                                    1. If the offence is relatively minor, the police may decide whether or not to charge the person with the offence.
                                      1. If the offence is serious, the police may refer the case to the Crown prosecution Service (CPS) who decide whether or not to charge the person for the offence.
                                        1. If charged with the offence the defendant will appear at a Magistrates' court where the magistrates can deal with the case themselves or send the case to a crown court is the case is particularly serious.
                                          1. Sentencing could include imprisonment, community order or a fine.
                                          2. There may be several court hearings during which the suspect may make a plea (guilty/not guilty)
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