1.1 descendants of Chinese who arrived between the fifteenth and the mid-twentieth centuries.
1.1.1 Hokkien People
1.1.2 Min Nan People
1.1.4 Cantonese People
1.1.5 TeoChew People
1.1.6 Hakka People
2 Methods of entry
2.1 Most Malaysian Chinese are descendants of Han Chinese who arrived between the early and the
2.1.1 First Wave
220.127.116.11 The first wave of Han Chinese settlers came during the
Malacca Empire in the early 15th century. The friendly
diplomatic relations between China and Malacca culminated
during the reign of Sultan Mansur Syah, who married the
Chinese princess Hang Li Po. A senior minister of state and
five hundred youths and maids of noble birth accompanied
the princess to Malacca. The descendants of these people,
mostly from Fujian province, are called the Baba (men) and
2.1.2 Second Wave
18.104.22.168 The second wave was caused by the
massacre in Fujian in 1651-52 when the
Manchus took over China. The Fujian
refugees of Zhangzhou resettled on the
northern part of the Malay peninsula while
those of Amoy and Quanzhou resettled on
the southern part of the peninsula. This
group forms the majority of the Straits
Chinese who were English-educated.
2.1.3 Third Wave
22.214.171.124 Chinese immigrants, mainly from the controlled ports of Fujian and Guangdong provinces, were
attracted by the prospect of work in the tin mines, rubber plantations or the possibility of
opening up new farmlands at the beginning of the 19th century until the 1930s in British
Malaya. Between the period of 1927-1949, some Republic of China citizens were forced to
emigrate because of insecurity, lack of food and lack of business opportunity due to the Chinese
Civil War. Some Nationalist refugees also fled to Singapore, Sarawak, North Borneo and Malaya
after the Nationalists lost the civil war to avoid persecution or execution by the Communist
party of China. This wave from the Qing dynasty and Republic of China period represented the
largest wave. Their immigration to Malaya and Straits Settlements was encouraged by the
British. This group was responsible for establishing the many Chinese-medium schools in
Malaya and are mostly Chinese-educated.
2.1.4 Fourth Wave
126.96.36.199 A much smaller wave came after the 1990s, holding
the citizenship of the People’s Republic of China and
mostly Mandarin speaking Chinese from northern
China. These were mostly foreign spouses married to
Malaysian Chinese. Some national sports coaches
could only obtain permanent residency after
repeated rejections of their citizenship applications.
3 Festival Celebration
3.1 Chinese New Year (Spring Festival)
3.2 Lantern Festival
3.3 Dragon Boat Festival
3.4 Mid- Autumn Festival (Moon Festival)
3.5 QingMing Festival
3.6 Double Seventh Festival (Chinese Valentine’s Day)
3.7 Winter Solstice Festival
3.8 Hungry Ghost Festival
4 6 Interesting Facts about the Race
4.1 There is only currently one chinese with the title “Tun” who is alive.
4.2 A thousand year old virtue, of ” Ru Xiang Sui Su 入乡随俗“ ( if you’re in another foreign/alien land, you
assimilate or integrate into the culture and practices of that society) did not apply to Southern
Chinese who came to Malaysia because we still insist of having vernacular school which made us
stood out of the crowd
4.3 Chinese is the world’s longest continuously used written language.
4.4 Chinese is the most widely spoken language in the world, with more than 200 individual dialects.
4.5 Non-Chinese enrollment in Chinese vernacular schools is 12 percent.
4.6 Malaysian Chinese constitutes 22.6% of the total population.
5 Taboos and Superstitions
5.1 Number 4 is avoided because it sounded like death in Chinese
5.2 Sweeping or dusting should not be done on New Year’s Day for fear that good fortune will be swept
5.3 Red is the colour of good fortune accepted by all, while black is a colour of bad luck.
5.4 Fengshui - the belief that one’s surrounding affects not only the level of
material comfort but also one’s physical and mental health.
5.5 Inauspicious words should be avoided on the first day of Chinese New Year
5.6 Chopsticks should not be left standing straight up in a bowl of rice, as it is said to look similar to
incense placed in urns at temples when meals are offered to ancestors.
5.7 Clock should be avoided as a birthday gift it means sending the person to death