anna971002
Mind Map by , created about 4 years ago

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anna971002
Created by anna971002 about 4 years ago
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Chinese
1 Ethnic/Race history and background
1.1 descendants of Chinese who arrived between the fifteenth and the mid-twentieth centuries.
1.1.1 Hokkien People
1.1.2 Min Nan People
1.1.3 Hainanese
1.1.4 Cantonese People
1.1.5 TeoChew People
1.1.6 Hakka People
2 Methods of entry
2.1 Most Malaysian Chinese are descendants of Han Chinese who arrived between the early and the mid-20th century.
2.1.1 First Wave
2.1.1.1 The first wave of Han Chinese settlers came during the Malacca Empire in the early 15th century. The friendly diplomatic relations between China and Malacca culminated during the reign of Sultan Mansur Syah, who married the Chinese princess Hang Li Po. A senior minister of state and five hundred youths and maids of noble birth accompanied the princess to Malacca. The descendants of these people, mostly from Fujian province, are called the Baba (men) and Nyonya (women).
2.1.2 Second Wave
2.1.2.1 The second wave was caused by the massacre in Fujian in 1651-52 when the Manchus took over China. The Fujian refugees of Zhangzhou resettled on the northern part of the Malay peninsula while those of Amoy and Quanzhou resettled on the southern part of the peninsula. This group forms the majority of the Straits Chinese who were English-educated.
2.1.3 Third Wave
2.1.3.1 Chinese immigrants, mainly from the controlled ports of Fujian and Guangdong provinces, were attracted by the prospect of work in the tin mines, rubber plantations or the possibility of opening up new farmlands at the beginning of the 19th century until the 1930s in British Malaya. Between the period of 1927-1949, some Republic of China citizens were forced to emigrate because of insecurity, lack of food and lack of business opportunity due to the Chinese Civil War. Some Nationalist refugees also fled to Singapore, Sarawak, North Borneo and Malaya after the Nationalists lost the civil war to avoid persecution or execution by the Communist party of China. This wave from the Qing dynasty and Republic of China period represented the largest wave. Their immigration to Malaya and Straits Settlements was encouraged by the British. This group was responsible for establishing the many Chinese-medium schools in Malaya and are mostly Chinese-educated.
2.1.4 Fourth Wave
2.1.4.1 A much smaller wave came after the 1990s, holding the citizenship of the People’s Republic of China and mostly Mandarin speaking Chinese from northern China. These were mostly foreign spouses married to Malaysian Chinese. Some national sports coaches could only obtain permanent residency after repeated rejections of their citizenship applications.
3 Festival Celebration
3.1 Chinese New Year (Spring Festival)
3.2 Lantern Festival
3.3 Dragon Boat Festival
3.4 Mid- Autumn Festival (Moon Festival)
3.5 QingMing Festival
3.6 Double Seventh Festival (Chinese Valentine’s Day)
3.7 Winter Solstice Festival
3.8 Hungry Ghost Festival
4 6 Interesting Facts about the Race
4.1 There is only currently one chinese with the title “Tun” who is alive.
4.2 A thousand year old virtue, of ” Ru Xiang Sui Su 入乡随俗“ ( if you’re in another foreign/alien land, you assimilate or integrate into the culture and practices of that society) did not apply to Southern Chinese who came to Malaysia because we still insist of having vernacular school which made us stood out of the crowd
4.3 Chinese is the world’s longest continuously used written language.
4.4 Chinese is the most widely spoken language in the world, with more than 200 individual dialects.
4.5 Non-Chinese enrollment in Chinese vernacular schools is 12 percent.
4.6 Malaysian Chinese constitutes 22.6% of the total population.
5 Taboos and Superstitions
5.1 Number 4 is avoided because it sounded like death in Chinese
5.2 Sweeping or dusting should not be done on New Year’s Day for fear that good fortune will be swept away.
5.3 Red is the colour of good fortune accepted by all, while black is a colour of bad luck.
5.4 Fengshui - the belief that one’s surrounding affects not only the level of material comfort but also one’s physical and mental health.
5.5 Inauspicious words should be avoided on the first day of Chinese New Year
5.6 Chopsticks should not be left standing straight up in a bowl of rice, as it is said to look similar to incense placed in urns at temples when meals are offered to ancestors.
5.7 Clock should be avoided as a birthday gift it means sending the person to death