Network: interconnection that exists
between ways of knowing to generate
KQ: How do reason and emotion add to the reliability of
knowledge in History and the Natural Sciences?
KC: Logic is crucial to the scientific method for coming up
with theories. Although emotion may be the driving force
that leads scientists to create new knowledge in specific
fields within the Natural Sciences
CC: On the other hand, emotion may reduce the reliability of
knowledge in the Natural sciences as it can involve personal biases
Example: In todays world, a common scientific
controversy is whether or not Vaccines cause
autism. There are two sides of the argument
involving different perspectives.
However the problem with this is that it produces
unreliable results, so if every scientist were to do this, all
the knowledge that has been generated would be false.
Eventually through falsification and peer review, unreliable knowledge
would be replaced with new reliable knowledge. In this case, the
presence of emotion may not be beneficial to the gaining of knowledge
Implications: when using the knowledge network of emotion and logic, caution needs to be taken as
even though emotion can function as a driving force to generate reliable knowledge, in certain cases it
may also act as a hindrance.
One side are the parents who have a child with autism and believe that the
child's younger sibling will get this as well when receiving an MMR vaccine.
Due to the increase in vaccines the child gets as well as the increase in
autism in recent years.
Scientific community who have done extensive research
and studies to prove this controversy wrong. Especially
medical experts who do experiments do improve the
Example: Gregor Mendel who's passion
for Genetics made him investigate the
crossbreeding of pea plants (HL Bio)
Without this passion, it may have either taken longer for
scientists to discover the existence of genes or this
knowledge may have never been discovered at all putting us
behind as well as delaying any knowledge about genetics
that was generated after/due to Mendel's observations
In this case, the emotion of passion was key to Gregor Mendel's discovery
of dominant and recessive alleles as well as genes. Without him discovering
this knowledge further knowledge may have not been developed.
Was a priest, had a passion for the natural
sciences regardless of his religious views
Emotion: Passion, Love for the subject that
drives them to want to come up with new
ideas/knowledge through experiments
History consists of primary and secondary source, primary is what a
person experiences by being there (offering an inside view) and
secondary source comes from a different source that interpreted the
primary source. Secondary knowledge is learning from others.
KC: In history there exists a network between emotion and sensory perception. This network is
present in stage 1 of the historical method, which is the collection of evidence. The presence of
emotions such as interest increases the reliability of knowledge as it leads to a further inquiry into
stage 1 of the historical methods, and doesn’t lead to sensory delusions such as fear and other such
negative emotions would.
CC: On the other hand, the reliability of knowledge produced through the
network of emotion and sensory perception in history may be affected by the
personal biases originating from emotion.
Example: The way that my grandfather would tell his WWII stories would
differ from some who was in one of the concentration camps. More specifically
his friend Paul. Even though both were victims of losses. They would perceive
or classify who the "enemy" is differently.
If only one side of the argument were to be presented the
source would be unreliable, therefore both perspectives need to
be included or the publisher needs to take an objective stance.
Due to my grandfathers house being bombed by the British he had a belief bias that the British
were the enemy as it was a logical conclusion due to the fact that they were destroying German
cities. This is belief bias. His friend would believe that it was Germany
One of his classmates was Jewish and he
disappeared one day and no one knew
what happened to him or was told about
the concentration camps
Example: Grandfathers stories about WWII when he was a child. Had a good friend who disappeared one day. My
grandfather had a keen interest in finding out what happened to him. Observed that many Jewish families were
disappearing from his town, including his friend (Sensory Perception) Also paid attention to the Nazi ideologies
which his teacher often promoted and talked about. From this he put 2 and 2 together believing that they were
being asked to leave because of their religion.
Emotion is what drives us to expand on the evidence
gathered in stage 1 of the historical method, however it is
sensory perception that allows us to gain this knowledge.
The network between emotion and sensory
perception therefore drives us to gather more
information and hence help create a accurate picture
Reliability: knowledge that
can be repeated with the
same or highly similar
Logic and Reason
Conclusion: Emotion has its advantages and disadvantages, it is
balanced by the presence of logic and reason
Knowledge: Shared and personal knowledge
Shared - Knowledge
made/shared by a community
Personal - Our own knowledge
coming from out background,
personal biases, religion, etc.