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Essay 5 - Aditya

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accricket99
Mind Map by accricket99, updated more than 1 year ago
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Essay 5 - Aditya
  1. Reality vs our construction of reality
    1. - Input (Information received by each individual)
      1. Limitations of the human understanding will limit the information that we perceive, and thereby allow us to reach a slightly subjective conclusion, a conclusion that might not necessarily portray an accurate representation of our world.
      2. KEYWORDS
        1. "CONCEPTS"
          1. An abstract idea
            1. A plan or intention
              1. Concepts are like terms of a logical expression, where the development of that expression leads to a conclusion.
              2. "SHAPE"
                1. To construct and define
                  1. KF: Methodology
                  2. "CONCLUSIONS"
                    1. Generalisations based on observations and experiences. We tend to initially acquire knowledge subjectively without thinking rationally.
                      1. A knowledge claim that is deemed acceptable to society if/until it is disproven.
                        1. Disproving a conclusion opens knowledge gaps. However, filling in these gaps through the expansion of observations and rational thinking draws out a reliable claim that can then reduce other fallible claims that have been made on the basis of sense perception and any other subjective WOK. Such Kc's are used to justify related new-formed conclusions.
                    2. - Processing (Woks such as emotion, reasoning and sense perception used to interpret knowledge)
                      1. Inherent bias may be present when trying to reach a certain conclusion, which will reduce the reliability of the methodology
                      2. Output (Communication of ideas in the form of language)
                        1. The right tool for the right job
                          1. WOKS
                            1. Reasoning and Logic (Mathematics)
                              1. Not-Fallible
                              2. Sense perception
                                1. Fallible
                              3. AOKS
                                1. Natural Sciences
                                  1. Natural sciences - Look at existing paradigms and form conclusions based on existing theories, which may not necessarily be objectively true because we are not able to shift out of this paradigm. However, there will always be a small amount of knowledge that we can use to further progress in society and build a more objective standpoint.
                                  2. Mathematics
                                    1. While a mathematical underpinning is very reliable because it is based on axiomatic logic and principles, it may be taken out of context, such as the justification of a wrong theory. This would render the mathematics invalid as it does not support an existing concept that is deemed true.
                                  3. KC1
                                    1. The introduction of new theories in the Natural Sciences gives way to the formation of different conclusions.
                                    2. Knowledge Question: "How do reasoning and sense perception justify conclusions in the Natural Sciences"?
                                      1. KC2
                                        1. Knowledge claims in the Natural Sciences are always objective because they are based on a firm mathematical underpinning
                                        2. Models of Reality
                                          1. A lenz through which we view the world
                                          2. CC1
                                            1. Scientific theories are always being developed on, allowing us to constantly redefine and shape radical conclusions
                                            2. CC2
                                              1. We use sense perception in the Natural Sciences and thereby form subjective conclusions that are fallible
                                              2. Extension: Reaching new conclusions can perhaps "shape" and redefine pre-existing concepts
                                                1. Confirmation Bias
                                                  1. A tendency to search for or interpret information in a way that confirms one's preconceptions, leading to statistical errors
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