Biodiversity Akanksha Ahuja

Akanksha Ahuja
Mind Map by Akanksha Ahuja, updated more than 1 year ago
Akanksha Ahuja
Created by Akanksha Ahuja about 6 years ago
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This is the concept map for the Diversity unit.

Resource summary

Biodiversity Akanksha Ahuja

Annotations:

  • By: Akanksha Ahuja
  1. Eubacteria

    Annotations:

    • Characteristics include: simple cells with rigid cell walls and often flagella.
    1. Eubacteria
      1. Cuccos (cocci)

        Annotations:

        • Rounded, spiral like cells
        1. Staphylococcus
        2. Spirillium

          Annotations:

          • spiral or screw shaped cells
          1. Chlamydia trachomatis
          2. Bacillus

            Annotations:

            • Rod shaped cells. 
            1. Morganella morganii
        3. Archaea

          Annotations:

          • Characteristics are: Unicellular, and asexual
          1. Archaeabacteria
            1. Methanogens

              Annotations:

              • "They produce methane as a metabolic byproduct in anoxic conditions." (Wiki) Found in lakes, low oxygen areas, swamp sediments. 
              1. Extreme Thermopiles

                Annotations:

                • Live in really hot environments. 
                1. Psychrophiles

                  Annotations:

                  • Capable of growth and reproduction in cold temperatures.
              2. Eukaryotic

                Annotations:

                • characteristics include: cells contain a nucleus, and involves mitosis.
                1. Protista

                  Annotations:

                  • Live in moist or aquatic environments. Have an extreamly diverse structure. Can reproduce sexually and asexually. 
                  1. Animal like

                    Annotations:

                    • They use a flagella, cilia, or amoeboid to travel.  They also ingest organic carbon.
                    1. Amoebas
                      1. Sarcodines

                        Annotations:

                        • Movement by pseudopods. Also known as "False feet."
                        1. Ciliates

                          Annotations:

                          • Move by tiny hairs as they propel  through the water. 
                          1. Zooflagellates

                            Annotations:

                            • Move by beating the flagella. 
                            1. Sporozoan

                              Annotations:

                              • Non motile. Use other organims to travel. 
                            2. Fungal like

                              Annotations:

                              • Secrete digestive enzymes then absorb the nutrients.  They are hetrothrophs. 
                              1. Algae
                                1. AcellularSlime Molds
                                  1. Cellular Slime Molds
                                    1. Water Molds
                                    2. Plant like

                                      Annotations:

                                      • They are photosynthetic.  They get inorganic carbon through photosynthesis. 
                                      1. Euglenoids
                                        1. Rhodophyta

                                          Annotations:

                                          • Non motile. 
                                          1. Euglenoids

                                            Annotations:

                                            • euglenoid movement.
                                        2. Fungi

                                          Annotations:

                                          • Not photosynthetic. Do not produce their own food.  Unique way of reproduction; not the same way as plants
                                          1. Ascomycota

                                            Annotations:

                                            • Some cause plant diseases.  Some are dangerous to humans. 
                                            1. yeast
                                            2. Basidiomycota

                                              Annotations:

                                              • Most are decomposers. Some of these make important relationships with plants.  Asexual reproduction: by either budding or asexual spore formation Sexual reproduction: takes place in the fruiting body, in specialized structures called basidia
                                              1. Puffball
                                              2. Chytridiomycota

                                                Annotations:

                                                • This is the only fungi with swimming spores. Can be single celled or multicellular.  These sperm-like cells require water to reproduce since they are not motile. 
                                                1. Chordate
                                                2. Zygomycota

                                                  Annotations:

                                                  • Most are soil fungi. Include the bread and fruit molds. Many are parasites of insectes.  Asexual:  Spores may be formed by the separation and thickening of hyphal cells. They may also be produced in specialized organs, whose structure is also widely varied. Sexual: Spores are produced within the sporangium
                                                  1. Mucor
                                                  2. Deutrosmycota

                                                    Annotations:

                                                    • Fungi that cause disease. 
                                                    1. Athletes foot
                                                  3. Plants

                                                    Annotations:

                                                    • Characteristics: -multicellular -photosynthetic -Contain chlorophyll a and b - Alternation of Generations -develop from embryos – arise from multicellular structures in the maternal tissue – product of sexual fusion
                                                    1. bryophytes

                                                      Annotations:

                                                      • They stand upright and prevent moisture loss to be successful. 
                                                      1. Mosses
                                                        1. mosses
                                                          1. liveworts
                                                            1. Hornets
                                                            2. Seedless Vascular

                                                              Annotations:

                                                              • They have motile sperm making them successful. reproduce with spores.
                                                              1. Ferns
                                                                1. whisk ferns
                                                                  1. horsetails
                                                                    1. club mosses
                                                                      1. Ferns
                                                                      2. Gymnosperm

                                                                        Annotations:

                                                                        • Well adapted to hot summers and cold winters because they have naked seeds. 
                                                                        1. Pine Cones
                                                                          1. cycads
                                                                            1. ginkgo
                                                                              1. conifers
                                                                                1. gnetophytes
                                                                                2. Angiosperms

                                                                                  Annotations:

                                                                                  • Secondary Metabolites allow these plants to be successful. 
                                                                                  1. daises
                                                                                    1. Angiosperms
                                                                                      1. Dicots
                                                                                        1. Monocots
                                                                                      2. Green algee
                                                                                        1. Green Algee
                                                                                      3. Animals

                                                                                        Annotations:

                                                                                        • Characteristics of animals are: Heterotrophic, multicellular, diploid, develop from a blastula (expect sponges).
                                                                                        1. Nematoda

                                                                                          Annotations:

                                                                                          • Evolutionary milestone: Body Cavity. Bilaterally symmetrical with a head and a tail Centralized nervous system Three tissue layers No coelom (body cavity) acoelomate, no circulatory system and no hard skeleton
                                                                                          1. tube worm
                                                                                          2. Enchindodermata

                                                                                            Annotations:

                                                                                            • Evolutionary Milestone: Deuterostome. 
                                                                                            1. starfish
                                                                                            2. Chordates

                                                                                              Annotations:

                                                                                              • Evolutionary Milestone: Notochord.   orsal nerve cord Notochord Paired gill slits Post-anal tail
                                                                                              1. Cephalochordates
                                                                                                1. Vertebrates
                                                                                                  1. gnathostomata

                                                                                                    Annotations:

                                                                                                    • Jawed animals
                                                                                                    1. Mammalia
                                                                                                      1. marsupials

                                                                                                        Annotations:

                                                                                                        • live birth very early after fertilization. Supirior to momtremes because the young is mothered 
                                                                                                        1. Kangaroo
                                                                                                          1. Marsupilia

                                                                                                            Annotations:

                                                                                                            • embryonic development completed in marsupial pouch. 
                                                                                                          2. placentals

                                                                                                            Annotations:

                                                                                                            • The young of placentals stay in the uterus until they are ready to be born. More supirior to marisupials because they give birth when the young is ready to be exposed to the world. 
                                                                                                            1. lions
                                                                                                              1. Carnivora

                                                                                                                Annotations:

                                                                                                                • sharp pointed canine teeth, and carnivores. 
                                                                                                              2. monotremes

                                                                                                                Annotations:

                                                                                                                • lay eggs.
                                                                                                                1. spiny anteater
                                                                                                                  1. Monotremeta

                                                                                                                    Annotations:

                                                                                                                    • suck milk from fur of the mother since they have no nipples.
                                                                                                                2. Reptilia
                                                                                                                  1. Aves
                                                                                                                  2. agnathans

                                                                                                                    Annotations:

                                                                                                                    • Jawless fish
                                                                                                                    1. Hagfish
                                                                                                                      1. Lampreys
                                                                                                                    2. Urochordates
                                                                                                                    3. Arthropods

                                                                                                                      Annotations:

                                                                                                                      • Evolutionary Milestone: Jointed Appendages.  Hard exoskeleton made of chitin and protein Possess numerous jointed appendages anda segmented body Must molt to grow
                                                                                                                      1. Chelicerate
                                                                                                                        1. Merostomata
                                                                                                                          1. horseshoe crab
                                                                                                                          2. Pycnogonida
                                                                                                                            1. sea spider
                                                                                                                            2. Arachnida
                                                                                                                              1. spider
                                                                                                                            3. Uniramia
                                                                                                                              1. Chilopoda
                                                                                                                                1. centopeed
                                                                                                                                2. Diplopoda
                                                                                                                                  1. malopeed
                                                                                                                                  2. incects
                                                                                                                                    1. cockoach
                                                                                                                                  3. Crustacea
                                                                                                                                    1. Maxillopoda
                                                                                                                                      1. Barnacle
                                                                                                                                      2. Malacostra
                                                                                                                                        1. lobster
                                                                                                                                        2. Branchiopoda
                                                                                                                                          1. Fairy shrimp
                                                                                                                                      3. Molluscs

                                                                                                                                        Annotations:

                                                                                                                                        • Evolutionary Milestone: Coelom. body plan shells foot coelom mantle 
                                                                                                                                        1. snails
                                                                                                                                        2. Annelids Segmentation

                                                                                                                                          Annotations:

                                                                                                                                          • Evolutionary Milestone: Segmentation.   digestive tract body segmentation coelom closed circulatory system
                                                                                                                                          1. earthworm
                                                                                                                                          2. Platyhelminthes

                                                                                                                                            Annotations:

                                                                                                                                            • Evolutionary milestone: Bilateral Symmetry.
                                                                                                                                            1. tapeworms
                                                                                                                                            2. Cnidaria

                                                                                                                                              Annotations:

                                                                                                                                              • Evolutionary milestone: Tissues.  two body forms Free swimming medusa (jellyfish) Stationary polyp (anemone) gastrovascular cavity radial symmetry Nematocysts 2 tissue layers
                                                                                                                                              1. jellyfish
                                                                                                                                              2. Porifera

                                                                                                                                                Annotations:

                                                                                                                                                • Evolutionary milestone: Multicellular. 
                                                                                                                                                1. sponges
                                                                                                                                            3. Brown: Domain Blue: Kingdom Light pink: species Groups: Yellow Green: Phylums teal: class S.phylas: orange Purple: order
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