Religion and Social change

Mind Map by , created almost 6 years ago

A level Sociology (Religion) Mind Map on Religion and Social change, created by abbiecoombs on 12/06/2013.

Created by abbiecoombs almost 6 years ago
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Religion and Social change
1 Religion as a conservative force
1.1 seen as a conservative force in two different senses: 1) It is often seen as conservative in the sense of being 'traditional' defending customs, institutions, moral views, roles ect. Upholds traditional beliefs on how society should be. 2) It is conservative because it functions to conserve or preserve things as they are. Maintains the status quo.
1.2 Conservative beliefs
1.2.1 Conservative beliefs about moral issues and may oppose changes that would allow individuals more freedom in personal and sexual matters
1.2.2 Uphold traditional family values. often favour a traditional patriarchal domestic division of labour.
1.3 Conservative Functions
1.3.1 Religion and consensus functionalists see religion as a conservative force as its function is to maintain socail stability Marxists and Femenists see religion as an ideology that supports the existings social structure and acts as a means of social control, creating stability in the interests of the powerful.
1.3.2 Religion and capitsalism Marx sees religion as a conservative ideology that prevents social change. By legitimising or disguishing exploitation and inequality, it creates false consciousness in the working class and prevents revolution, thereby maintainging the stability og capitalist society.
1.3.3 Religion and Patriarchy Feminists see religion as a conservative force because it acts as an ideology that legitimates patriarchal power and maintains woment's subordination in the family and wider society.
2 Weber: Religion as a force for change.
2.1 Clvinist beliefs
2.1.1 Predestination God has predetermined which souls would be saved and which were not, even before birth
2.1.2 Divine transcendence God was so far about and beyond this world and incomparably greater that any mortal that no man can ever claim to know his will other than the Bible Including the church and the priests leavin an unprecedented inner lonliness. Weber called this a salvation panic
2.1.3 Ascenticism This refers to abstinence, self disapline and self-denial.
2.1.4 The idea of vocation or calling

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