1.1 The automobile assembly represents the last stage in automobile facturing. The components are
brought in from more than 4,000 outside suppliers, which are brought together by truck or
railroad. Those parts in accordance to the part of the car they belong too, are unloaded in their
1.1.1 Cars are usually built from the ground up. The fame forms the base of the body, and as a result
the other parts follow. The fame is placed on the assembly line and clamped to the conveyer to
prevent shifting as it moves down the line. Automobile is moved to component assembly areas
where front and rear suspensions, gas tanks, rear axles, drive shafts, gear boxes, steering box
components, wheel drums, and braking systems are sequentially installed.
18.104.22.168 An off-line operations puts together the vehicle's engine with its transmission. Workers use
robotic arms to install the heavy components inside the engine compartment of the frame. After,
a worker attaches the radiator and bolts it into place. Articulating robots perform all of the lift
and carry operations while assemblers using pneumatic wrenches bolt component pieces in
22.214.171.124.1 The floor pan is generally the largest body component to which many panels and braces will be
welded or bolted. Moving down the assembly line, held in place by clamping fixtures, the shell of
the vehicle is built. First, the left and right quarter panels are robotically disengaged from
pre-staged shipping containers and placed on the floor pan, where there are stabilized with
positioning fixtures and welded.
126.96.36.199.1.1 The front and rear door pillars, roof and body side panels are assembled in the same fashion. The
shell of the automobile uses robotic arms because they can easily introduce various component
braces and panels to the floor pan and perform a high number of weld operations in a time frame
and with a degree of accuracy no human workers could ever approach. Robots can pick up heavy
loads, and precisely place them into the proper positions with high tolerance to smoke, weld
flashes, and gases created in this phase of production.
188.8.131.52.1.1.1 As the body moves from the isolated weld area of the assembly line, body comparts including
doors, deck lids, hood panels, fenders, trunk lid, and bumper reinforcements are installed.
Although robots help workers place these components onto the body shell, the workers provide
the proper fit for majority of the bolt on functional parts using pneumatically assisted tools.
184.108.40.206.220.127.116.11 The body must pass through a rigorous inspection process. The shell of the vehicle passes
through a brightly lit white room where it is fully wiped down by visual inspectors using cloths
soaked in hilight oils. Dings, dents and other defects are repaired right on the line by skilled body
repairmen. After the shell has been fully inspected and repaired, the assembly conveyor carries it
through a cleaning station cleaning it of all residual oil, and dirt.
18.104.22.168.22.214.171.124.1 The shell exists the cleaning into a drying both then through an undercoat dip - an
electrostatically charged bath of undercoat paint that covers every part of the body shell, both
inside and out with primer.
126.96.36.199.188.8.131.52.1.1 After the coating, the shell is dried and moves to the final paint operation. Robots usually carry
out this final painting operation, since they have been programmed to cover certain areas, with a
certain amount of paint at specific times.
184.108.40.206.220.127.116.11.1.1.1 The body is then heated above 135 degrees celsius to cure the paint and to ensure that it adheres
to the car.
18.104.22.168.22.214.171.124.126.96.36.199 The painted body moves to the next stage where all the instrumentation and wiring systems,
dash panels, interior lighting, seats and trim panels, headlights, radios, speakers and more.
188.8.131.52.184.108.40.206.220.127.116.11.1 Next, robots equipped with suction cups place the windshield, with nan urethane sealer. Robots
also place the seats and transport them into the vehicles for ease and efficiency of the assembly
line operator. After passing through the section the shell is given a water test to ensure the
proper fit of the door panels, glass and weatherstripping.
18.104.22.168.22.214.171.124.126.96.36.199.1.1 The chassis assembly conveyor and body shell meet. The shell is robotically lifted from its
conveyor fixtures and placed onto the car frame. Assembly workers, some at ground level and
some in work pits beneath the automobile proceeds down the line to receive final trim
components, battery, tries, antifreeze and gasoline.
188.8.131.52.184.108.40.206.220.127.116.11.1.1.1 The vehicle is now started, from here it’s driven to a checkpoint off the line, where its engine is
audited, its light and horn checked, its tires balanced, and its charging system examined. Any defects
from here required to be repaired, go to the central repair station where a crew of skilled
technicians analyze and repair the problems.
1.2 Finance Team
1.3.1 Design engineers
1.3.2 Executive Management
18.104.22.168 Labour intensive work - heavy lifting
1.4.2 Assembly Line
1.5 Both Topics Integrate very cohesively
2 Natural resources
2.1 Iron Ore
22.214.171.124 Car Body
126.96.36.199 Stainless Steel
188.8.131.52.1 Car Mufflers
184.108.40.206.2 Decorative Trims
220.127.116.11.5 Catalytic Converters
2.2 Cotton Plants
2.3.2 Intake Manifolds
2.3.3 Cylinder Heads
2.3.4 Engine Block
2.3.5 Bumper Wheels
2.3.6 Body Panels
2.3.7 Plastic: Cheap, durable and can be turned into almost anything
2.4.1 Plastic: Cheap, durable and can be turned into almost anything
2.4.2 Cloth Seats/Car Seat Covers
2.6.1 Catalytic Converters
2.8.1 Natural Rubber
18.104.22.168 Isatis tinctoria
2.10 Animal Hides
2.12.1 Car Batteries
2.14.1 Various Industrial Raegeants
2.14.2 Seat form
2.15.2 Isatis tinctoria
3 Raw Materials
3.1.1 Car chassis or Cage (beneath the body of the car)
3.1.2 Door Beams
3.2 Plastic: Cheap, durable and can be turned into almost anything
3.2.5 Air conditioner vents
3.2.6 Door Handles
3.2.8 Seat belts
3.4.1 Car covers
3.4.2 Car seat covers
3.4.3 Car Seats
3.5 Natural Rubber
3.5.2 Engine Mouths
3.6.1 Car Interior
3.8.1 Car Seat Covers
3.9.1 Electrical Insulator
3.9.2 Laminater for Bullet Resistant Windows
3.9.3 Optical Reflectors
3.9.4 Decorative Bezels
22.214.171.124 8 cars per day
126.96.36.199 1.15 million dollars US
188.8.131.52.1 Individual investors can ay for their own design
184.108.40.206 Sponsors can pay for specific advertisement on racing engines and so on