STORGE: affection for
things and animals.
Sometimes described as
PHILIA: Love for friends and family.
EROS: Sexual love; physical love between two people – usually of the opposite sex
AGAPE: Unconditional love, given freely e.g. parent/child
Christianity and Contraception
– anything which aims to prevent a woman
from becoming pregnant. 1. Roman Catholic -
preventing conception is against ‘natural law’.
2. The Anglican Church and most other
churches, suggest that contraception allows
parents to plan their family in a more
responsible way. 3. Some Christians will only
use some forms of contraception. It depends
when they believe life begins.
Christianity and Divorce
Roman Catholic Christians - there should
be no divorce because: Jesus banned
divorce. It is breaking promises It is
breaking the 7th Commandment
Catholics who divorce are not allowed to
remarry. For most other Christians As a
last resort divorce is acceptable because
God is always prepared to forgive sins if
people are determined to live a new life.
In St Matthew’s Gospel Jesus allows
divorce for adultery.
Christianity and Sex
Sex should only happen in marriage.
Sex before marriage is wrong.
Adultery is wrong (breaks the 7th
commandment) Sex within marriage
is a gift from God.
Christian Teaching on Marriage
Marriage is a gift from God, but Christians do not
have to marry. The reasons (purposes) for Christian
marriage are to: be able to live together in love; have
lawful sex; have comfort and companionship; Have
children; create a Christian family.
Christianity and Same Sex Relationships
Same sex marriages are now recognised in the UK. This
has led to a lot of discussion in Christianity. Traditional
Christians: Sex is for marriage. Marriage is for having
children. Marriage is for a man and woman only. Liberal
Christians: Christian teachings must adapt; the Bible must
be interpreted in a modern way.
Christian Marriage Ceremony
Ceremonies different depending on the
Church. Usually have the following: Hymns -
to worship God. Declaration that there is no
reason why the couple can’t marry. Vows –
promises. For example: ‘for better for worse,
for richer for poorer, till death us do part.’
Giving of rings is symbolic of never-ending
love and faithfulness 5. Prayers and usually a
talk about marriage
Islam and Marriage
Marriage begins the
relationship between two
extended Families Marriage
is a social contract that has
Allah’s sanction. Sex should
only happen within
marriage. Sex is considered
an act of worship. Bringing
up of children is an
important part of marriage.
5. Polygamy (marriage of a
man to more than one wife)
is allowed in exceptional
Islam and Contraception Most
Muslims allow contraception within
a marriage, It is not allowed to
encourage having extra marital
partners. This is because Allah
wants couples to be happy within
Islamic Marriage Ceremony
1. Religious ceremony
witnessed by Allah and a
public ceremony witnessed
by the community 2. A
contract (nikah) drawn up in
advance by the families of
bride and groom and a dowry
(mahr) paid by the groom to
the bride. 3. An Imam is often
present. 4. Vows are
exchanged and each partner
makes a marriage
declaration. 5. A big feast
takes place afterwards.
Islam and Divorce
1. Permitted but
only as a last resort.
2. In Shariah Law
(Muslim Law) the
man says “I divorce
you” three separate
times and this ends
the marriage. 3.
There is often a
period of three
months after the
first of these
allow time for
reflection. 4. Not
legal in UK as
Shariah Law is not
part of the British
legal system. 5. A
woman may ask a
Shariah court for a
Islam and Sex
Does not allow
sex before or
Living together is
banned. Boys and
girls kept separate
in the Mosque.
This is based on
the teachings of
the Qur’an. The
adultery is a great
sin. Sex within
marriage is an act
Islam and same-sex relationships
Sex is for married couples and for
making children. Same-sex
relationships are Haram