Authentic Assessment and Assessing EL learners

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Authentic Assessment and Assessing EL learners
1 Big Idea #1: The difference between authentic and traditional assessment, as well as which is the preferred method of assessment
1.1 Authentic assessment occurs when the teacher asks students to perform real-world tasks that show that they can apply the knowledge learned. Traditional assessment can be standardized or teacher-created tests that ultimately require students to recall facts and answer questions. When teaching EL students, authentic assessment is the preferred method of assessment. However, some teachers use a combination of authentic and traditional assessments.
1.1.1 An example of an authentic assessment that would be beneficial for the teacher to see how well an EB/EL student is progressing would be a student journal. By writing in the journal weekly or daily, a teacher would be able to see the progression of grammar usage, writing, and understanding of concepts taught.
1.1.1.1 Big Idea #2: Why should a teacher use authentic assessment?
1.1.1.1.1 We, as teachers, want students to be able to apply what they have learned. Authentic assessments provide opportunities for students to put the knowledge that they've learned to use in real-life situations. Students may able to answer questions correctly on a traditional method of assessment, however teachers would not be able to prove that students can apply the information. Authentic assessments also allow students to demonstrate the knowledge that they have learned in different ways.
1.1.1.1.1.1 Applying authentic assessment to EB/EL's: Using authentic assessment is important to use when working with EB/EL students. Instead of having to focus on the academic language of a traditional assessment, EB/EL students will be able to show what they have learned. Authentic assessments also give teachers an ongoing view of how their ELL student is doing. A type of authentic assessment that a teacher could use might be student portfolios.
1.1.1.1.1.1.1 Big Idea: #3: How do teachers create authentic assessments?
1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1 In order to create an authentic assessment, teachers have to follow a set of steps. First, a teacher must identify the standards that they will be covering. Next, they need to develop a task for the students. Then, they must identify the criteria for the task. Finally, they must create a rubric.
1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1 Big Idea#4: Why do EL students need to be assessed and how are they assessed?
1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1 School districts are legally obligated to assess EL students in order to make appropriate educational decisions for them, as well as determine if services are needed. An example of an assessment given to EL students is language proficiency testing. Families are also given a home-language survey to complete.
1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1 Big idea # 5: How should an ELL's performance be assessed throughout the year?
1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1 A key way to assess ELL's throughout the year is through the use of portfolios. A student portfolio is a collection of student work that shows their progress and capability throughout a period of time. A teacher should ensure that an ELL portfolio is comprehensive, predetermined and systematic, tailored, informative, and authentic.
1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1 Big Idea #6: What accommodations should teachers make for ELLs?
1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1 To ensure academic success, teachers should make different accommodations for their EL students. These accommodations should be tailored to meet their educational needs.
1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1 Examples of accommodations could be: extra time for testing, read aloud test instructions, ensure comprehension of instructions, provide extra breaks during testing, and provide a testing environment that eliminates distractions. Also, the teacher should ensure that the tests are culturally responsive.
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