AS psychology

Em L
Mind Map by Em L, updated more than 1 year ago
Em L
Created by Em L about 4 years ago


AS Level Psychology B specifcation

Resource summary

AS psychology
1 Unit 1
1.1 key approaches
1.1.1 biological the evolution of behaviour biological structures the influence of genes
1.1.2 behaviourist classical conditioning operant conditioning
1.1.3 social learning mediating cognitive factors modelling
1.1.4 cognitive the study of internal mental processes and the use of models to explain these processes
1.1.5 psychodynamic defence mechanisms the role of the unconscious psychosexual stages the structure of personality
1.1.6 humanistic free will concepts of self and self-actualisation conditions of worth
1.2 biopsychology
1.2.1 physiological psychology basic understanding of the structure and function of neurons and synaptic transmission the divisions of the nervous system localisation of function in the brain (cortical specialisation) motor somatosensory visual auditory 'language' centres methods used to identify areas of cortical specialisation invasive methods neurosurgery post-mortem examinations electric and chemical stimulation non invasive methods electroencephalogram (EEG) scanning computerised axial tomography (CAT) positron emission tomography (PET) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) actions of the symathetic and parasymathetic divisions of the autonomic nervous system adrenal glands adrenalin fight or flight response
1.2.2 the genetic basis of behaviour the difference between genotype and phenotype genotype the genetic make-up of an individual phenotype genotype + environment types of twins monozygotic (MZ) one Zygot - formed when a fertiliseed egg cell splits into two and forms two seperate embryos dizygotic (DZ) two zygotes - formed when two seperate eggs both become fertilised by deffferent sperm cells zygote a fertilised cell (union of an egg cell amd a sperm cell) use of twin stuties, family and adoption studies to investgate the genetic basis of behaviour
1.3 gender development
1.3.1 sex and gender androgyny displaying roughly equal levels of masculine and feminine traits/behaviours
1.3.2 biological explanations
1.3.3 social learning
1.3.4 cognitive approach
1.3.5 psychodynamic approach
1.4 research methods
2 Unit 2
2.1 social influence
2.2 social cognition
2.3 remembering and forgetting
2.4 perceptual processes
2.5 anxiety disorders
2.6 autism
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