The Media and Crime

Mind Map by , created almost 6 years ago

A Levels Sociology Mind Map on The Media and Crime, created by s0014657 on 12/18/2013.

Created by s0014657 almost 6 years ago
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The Media and Crime
1 Williams and Dickinson
1.1 British newspapers devote up to 30% of their news space to crime
1.2 They give a distorted image of crime, criminals and policing
1.3 Ditton and Duffy
1.3.1 found that 46% of media reports were about violent or sexual crime, yet only 3% of all crime recorded by the police
1.4 The media over represents violent and sexual crime
1.5 The media portray criminals and victims as older than those found in the criminal justice system
1.5.1 Felson "the age fallacy"
1.6 Media coverage exaggerated police success
1.7 Risk of victimisation to white, high status women
1.8 Media overplay extraordinary
1.8.1 Felson "the dramatic fallacy"
1.9 Media give impresson that to commit crime, one needs to be daring and clever
1.9.1 Felson "the ingenuity fallacy"
2 Schlesinger and Tumber
2.1 in the 60's the focus was on murders
2.1.1 in the 90's murder was less interesting to the media
2.2 1990's introduced drugs, terrorism, football hooliganism and mugging into the media spotlight
3 Soothill and Walby
3.1 newspaper reporting of rape cases has increased
3.2 the representation of the offender was that of psychopathic strangers
3.2.1 "sex friends"
3.2.2 however in most cases the perpetrator and the vitime knew each other
4 Stan Cohen
4.1 argues that a story becomes newsworthy because of new values
4.2 a) Immediacy
4.3 b) Dramatisation
4.4 c) Personalisation
4.5 d) Higher status person and celebrities
4.6 e) Simplification
4.7 f) Novelty or unexpectedness
4.8 g) Risk
4.9 h) Violence
5 Factual Representations of Crime
5.1 Mandel
5.1.1 both fiction and factual reports of crime influence our view
5.1.2 From 1945 to 1984 over 10 billion crime thrillers sold
5.2 Surette
5.2.1 calls the representaion of fictional crime and victims - the laws of opposites
5.2.2 1. Property crime is under represented
5.2.3 2. Real life homocides result from sights and domestic violence
5.2.4 3.Fictional crimes are committed by psychopaths rather than friends or family
5.2.5 4. Fictional cops always get their man

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