Model states: Japan (1945 - 1951)

dottydiva96
Mind Map by , created almost 6 years ago

A Levels History - Cold War Mind Map on Model states: Japan (1945 - 1951), created by dottydiva96 on 12/30/2013.

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dottydiva96
Created by dottydiva96 almost 6 years ago
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Model states: Japan (1945 - 1951)
1 1945 - Punish and reform
1.1 Remove Japan's military force an introduce democracy
1.2 1946 - 1948: War criminals prosecuted, Hirohito exempt
1.3 1945 - tax on war-time profits
1.4 1947 - new constitutional reform drafted with no war clause
1.5 MacArthur - replaces Hirohito as 'godlike' figure
1.6 Allowance of all political parties, inc. communist
2 1947 - 'soft' cold war policy
2.1 Make Japan prosperous to keep it out of soviet sphere of influence
2.2 Aim - Japan made a shining example of democracy and free market
2.3 Massive economic problems
2.3.1 Low production
2.3.2 Weak exports
2.3.3 Food shortages
2.3.4 Issue with trade
2.4 1949 - $500m/year aid to Japan used to purchase food and raw materials
2.5 By 1950, 3 mil peasants owned land
2.6 American culture embraced
3 1949 - 'hard' cold war policy
3.1 Remove Japan's military forces and introduce democracy
3.2 A rearmed Japan under communist control would be a threat
3.3 1948 - MacArthur's control over policy begins to weaken
3.4 Japanese communist party gaining support
3.5 1949 - red scare

Attachments:

3.5.1 Followed by red purge
3.5.2 McCarthyism

Attachments:

3.6 Containment more important than democracy or independence
4 1951 - 'integrated' cold war policy
4.1 When treaties recognised the official status of Japan at the centre of US defence strategies (America rebuilt Japanese army and pumped money into weaponry)
4.2 1950 - Japanese rearmament deemed necessary
4.3 US brought war supplies worth $5 mil
4.4 1952 - Japanese army had 130, 000 troops and tanks and artillery
4.5 1951 - San Francisco Peace treaty gives Japan independence
4.5.1 US forces withdraw
4.5.2 US make agreement that other countries cannot have bases in Japan unless US agree
5 Japanese instability in 1945
5.1 Low industrial and agricultural production
5.2 3% of 1939 population dead
5.3 Spiralling inflaion
5.4 Lots of poor, homeless and starving people

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