Political and social creatures that must live ethical and harmonious life with others
Book V - Theory of Justice
Equality is linked to justice
All men are equal in eyes of law both in terms of
involuntary (criminal) law and voluntary (keeping
of contracts) law.
If one man murders another he is affecting the equality of men, refectory justice alters this distubance
There are goods to be distributed and
this may be unequally but justice is still
Eg. two people, one flute yet only one can play, flute should go to the flute player
Treating equals equally and unequals unequally
Athens along with Plato
Wasn't native to Athens (Alien)
Part of Greek
Growth of Philosophy and exclusion of myth
Most citizens worked and
couldn't indulge in political
One man one vote
before the law
valuable contribution to
Both Plato and Aristotle argue for
aristocracy not democracy
Orientation gives intellectual
justification for democracy
Best way of ruling? Aristocracy. See note.
Goods = Poltical Power
Population = citizen body
Standard of distribution??
If standard is;
wealth = oligarchy
citizenship = democract
merit (wisdom + virtue) = aristocracy
This is an example of distributive justice.