Intention

hayley
Mind Map by , created over 6 years ago

Law (Criminal law) Mind Map on Intention, created by hayley on 04/15/2013.

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hayley
Created by hayley over 6 years ago
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Intention
1 The highest level of mens rea
1.1 It is the basis of many crimes
1.1.1 E.G in murder you have the intent to kill or cause GBH
2 there are 2 types
2.1 Direct
2.1.1 Signifies that the defendant has a clear desire to achieve a specific purpose
2.1.2 To prove that the person had the direct intent the judge has to prove that beyond reasonable doubt he wished to achieve the actus reus of a crime
2.1.3 Defined in Mohan 1976 as the defendants aim or puropose
2.1.4 an example of direct intent is theft
2.1.4.1 its the mens rea to permanently deprive another of property
2.2 Oblique
2.2.1 Can be found if the aim or purpose is said to be something diferent to the result
2.2.1.1 eg to frighten rather that kill
2.2.1.1.1 E.G Nedrick
2.2.1.1.1.1 Nedrick established the virtually certain test
2.2.1.1.1.1.1 The virtually certain test was whether or not death or GBH were virtually certain to occur
2.2.1.1.1.1.1.1 If so was the defendant aware of this
2.2.1.1.1.1.1.1.1 If so the jury can 'infer' that the defendant had indeed intended to cause death or GBH
2.2.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1 Woollin approved of this test with a few important changes
2.2.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1 He changed 'infer' to 'find'
2.2.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.2 Confusingly in the same judgement said
2.2.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.2.1 If it was virtually certain and there was evidence of this then it was intent!!
2.2.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.2.1.1 But in the same judgement said it was evidence of intent
2.2.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.2.1.1.1 RvG later said it should be evidence of intent

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