Orthodontics Week 1 - Dentistry intro

Heather Snaith
Mind Map by Heather Snaith, updated more than 1 year ago
Heather Snaith
Created by Heather Snaith about 4 years ago


Mind Map on Orthodontics Week 1 - Dentistry intro, created by Heather Snaith on 02/03/2016.

Resource summary

Orthodontics Week 1 - Dentistry intro
1.1 Dental Nurse: Provides clinical support to operator
1.1.1 Preparing materials, maintaining environment and equipment, reasurring patient, process dental radiographs, take impressions,
1.1.2 Infection prevention procedures
1.1.3 Record clinical info from dentist
1.2 Dental Hygienist: helps prevent and treat periodontal disease
1.2.1 Direct treatment under own autonomy (if within area of competence) or under prescription from dentist
1.2.2 Does scaling and polishing teeth, and applying topical fluoride and fissure sealants
1.3 Dental Therapist
1.3.1 Direct treatment or under prescription from dentist - can do SLIGHTLY MORE THAN HYGENIST, including restorations and crowns
1.3.2 Oral assessment, scaling and polishing, applying materials to teeth such as fluoride and fissure sealants, taking dental radiographs, providing dental health education
1.3.3 Can perform extractions
1.3.4 Valuable member for patients with ongoing treatment, e.g. lots of decay
1.4 Orthodontic Therapist : Ltd range orthodontic procedures
1.4.1 Taking impressions/ clinical photographs, The placement of brackets and changing of orthodontic archwires
1.4.2 DOES NOT diagnose and devise treatment plan - supervising orthodontist does this
1.5 Dental Technician: Makes dental devices under prescription of dentist / dent. technician
1.5.1 Makes: Dentures, crowns, bridges and dental braces
1.5.2 Can also fix broken dentures
1.6 Clinical Dental Technician: Qualified dental technician with extra training
1.6.1 Can provide complete dentures or can work with natural teeth / implants under prescription from dentist
1.6.2 Refer to dentist if concerned about oral health or if patient needs treatment plan.
1.7 All have to be registered with the GDC to work in the UK
2 Anything relating to the care / hygene of oral cavity, including dentition and oral mucosa, but also maxillofacial (jaw and facial) area.
2.1 Dentist is qualified to treat conditions that affect the teeth and gums, especially the repair and extraction of teeth and the insertion of artificial ones
3 Dentists can also be 'specialists' with post grad training
3.1 Don't have to be on the list to practice a speciality
4 Orthodontics: Correction, prevention and development of irregularities of the teeth, bite and jaw
4.1 Dentist can undertake orthodontic treatment, but can't call selves orthodotist.
4.2 Irregularities of the jaw and mouth may require surgical intevention
5 SPECIAL care dentistry: Those with LD, social impairment, sensory issue, physical disability etc...
5.1 Useful for patients who take longer to treat or need calm environment
5.2 Adolescents and adults
6 Paediatric dentistry: Birth - adolescence - including those with ID etc...
6.1 Work in schools but some in community
7 Endodontics: diagnosis, prevention and treatment of disease / injury to tooth root, dental pulp and surrounding tissue
8 Periodontics: diagnosis, prevention and treatment of disease / injury to gums and structures around teeth
8.1 Bone is lost as inflammation dissolves away at it, plaque develops etc….
9 Prosthodontics: replace ment of missing teeth, soft / hard tissue by prosthesis crowns, bridges, dentures etc...
9.1 Tooth in and out
9.2 tooth screw in
9.3 Tooth latch on to other tooth
10 RESTORATIVE DENTISTRY: Endo, perio or prsthodontics
11.1 Make sure services are meeting needs of local population
11.2 Focus on educating people
11.3 Non-clinical speciality
12 Oral medicine: Oral health care of patients with chronic recurrent and medically related disorders of the mouth
12.1 e.g. management of ‘lichen planus’ (2% of which can become malignant)
13 Oral microbiology: diagnosis and assessment of bacterial and fungal infections affecting face
13.1 Laboratory-based personnel who provide reports and advice
14 Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: Assessment and diagnosis of tissue changes - indicative of disease oral cavity, saliva glands & jaws
14.1 Laboratory based personell
15 Dental and Maxillofacial Radiology: Medical imaging to provide info about anatomy, function and diseased state of teeth and jaw
16.1 General dental services: Range of treatments necessary
16.1.1 Dentures, root canal treatment, crowns and bridges, fillings Preventative treatment – scale and polish - No cosmetic
16.1.2 Commission services from NHS England to provide care - contract w. local area team Run as independent business - not direct employees of NHS
16.2 Refer via NHS choices site
16.3.1 Consultant led, hospital based - additional specialities
16.3.2 Treatment of complex problems, multidisciplinary care
16.3.3 Second opinions
16.3.4 Surgery for malocclusion which orthodontics can't correct
16.3.5 Obstructive Sleep Apnoea treatment
16.3.6 Tertiary: All dental specialities also training and teaching
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