Diversity & Variation Key Words

Eleanor H
Mind Map by Eleanor H, updated more than 1 year ago
Eleanor H
Created by Eleanor H about 4 years ago
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Description

Key words and phrases mind-map of the topic Diversity and Variation for the new specification. Make sure you know what all of them mean! Some of them are repeated - that's deliberate! - so you can see the links between topics. In particular, notice the inclusion of features of DNA.

Resource summary

Diversity & Variation Key Words
1 Gene Mutation
1.1 Base Addition
1.2 Base Substitution
1.2.1 Silent Mutation
1.3 Base Deletion
1.4 Non-sense Mutation
1.5 Mis-sense Mutation
1.6 Mutagenic Agents
1.7 Meiosis
1.7.1 Gametes
1.7.1.1 Haploid
1.7.2 Independent Assortment
1.7.3 Crossing Over
1.7.3.1 Non-sister Chromatids
1.7.3.2 Tetrad
1.7.3.3 Chiasma
2 Features of DNA
2.1 Degenerate
2.2 Codons/Triplet Code
2.2.1 Stop Codons
2.3 2 Complementary Strands
2.3.1 Hydrogen Bonds
3 Genetic Diversity
3.1 Genetic Variation
3.1.1 Random Fertilisation
3.1.2 Environmental Factors
3.1.3 Gene Mutation
3.1.3.1 Alleles
3.1.3.1.1 Gene Pool
3.1.3.1.2 Characteristics
3.1.4 Chromosome Mutation
3.2 Bottleneck Effect
3.3 Founder Effect
3.4 Selective Breeding/Artificial Selection
4 Natural Selection
4.1 Charles Darwin
4.1.1 Survival of the Fittest
4.1.2 Speciation
4.1.2.1 Isolation
4.1.2.2 Variation
4.1.2.3 Selection
4.1.2.4 Speciation
4.2 Behavioural Adaptations
4.3 Physiological Adaptations
4.4 Anatomical Adaptations
4.5 Directional Selection
4.6 Stabilising Selection
4.7 Ecological Niche
5 Classification
5.1 Ecological Niche
5.2 Phylogeny
5.2.1 Hierachy
5.3 Taxonomy
5.3.1 Kingdom
5.3.1.1 Plantae
5.3.1.2 Mycota
5.3.1.3 Animalia
5.3.1.4 Prokaryotae
5.3.1.5 Protoctista
5.3.2 Phylum
5.3.3 Class
5.3.4 Order
5.3.5 Family
5.3.6 Genus
5.3.7 Species
5.3.8 King Prawns Can Overtake Five Giant Squid
5.4 Species
5.4.1 Fertile Offspring
5.4.2 Gene Pool
5.4.3 Characteristics
5.5 Artificial Classification
5.5.1 Analogous Characteristics
5.6 Natural Classification
5.6.1 Hierachy
5.7 Homologous Characteristics
5.8 Classification using Biological Molecules
5.8.1 DNA Hybridisation
5.8.1.1 Radioactive Fluorescent Marker
5.8.1.2 Hybrid Strands
5.8.1.3 Hydrogen Bonds
5.8.1.4 Complementary Sequence of Bases
5.8.2 Comparing Proteins
5.8.2.1 Amino Acid Sequence Comparison
5.8.2.2 Immunological Comparison
5.8.2.2.1 Antibodies
5.8.2.2.2 Blood Serum
5.8.2.2.3 Precipitate
6 Courtship Behaviour
6.1 Recognition of same species
6.2 Pair Bond
6.3 Identification of fertile mate
6.4 Synchronisation of mating
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