Russian Revolution

Lydia Klein
Mind Map by Lydia Klein, updated more than 1 year ago
Lydia Klein
Created by Lydia Klein over 5 years ago
197
10

Description

Mind map of Russian Revolution of the early 1900s

Resource summary

Russian Revolution
  1. Ancient Regime
    1. Economic Weakness
      1. peasents

        Annotations:

        • the farm population bore a considerable share of the costs of industrialization. The paid redemption costs for being freed and paid high taxes, so they couldn't afford the food they grew. Tsar Alexander taxed cereals
      2. Political Weakness
        1. Weak Tsars

          Annotations:

          • Tsars were reactionary and were not quick to make reforms neccessary 
        2. Pressure Groups
          1. Labor Parties

            Annotations:

            • Marxists. saw revolution as an international movement. thought Russia had to develop capitalism before there was a revolution, dissapproved of violence and terrorist groups
          2. Dessertion of Intellectuals
            1. Russification

              Annotations:

              • Jews were subjected to pogroms, and non-Russian people were exiled
            2. Class Antagonism
              1. peasants v nobles
            3. Rule of Moderates
              1. Reforms
                1. Duma

                  Annotations:

                  • Duma = parliamentary body The Revolution of 1905 brought soviets (councils of workers), who demanded a more democratic gov't. The Mensheviks led the October strike, and stopped railroads and newspapers until Nicholas issued the October Manifesto, which promised constitution, civil liberties, and a duma
                  1. Stolypin

                    Annotations:

                    • Peter Stolypin’s (prime minister 1906-1911) plan was to make reforms and thereby weaken the revolutionaries. He broadened the powers of zemstvos, abolished redemption payments, allowed the sale of land (favoring kulaks), and encouraging the poor to move to the cities as a mobile labor force                   
                  2. War
                    1. Japan

                      Annotations:

                      • Nicholas hoped war with Japan would create more attachment to the gov't, so in 1904, they went to war. The war ended quickly with Russian naval defeat and it had the opposite affect of what Nicholas had hoped. This brought the revolution of 1905
                      1. WW1

                        Annotations:

                        • The first three years of Russia brought many defeats to Russia. The Russian people did not want to fight a war that they got nothing out of. Both Tsar Nicholas and the Provisional Gov't made the mistake of reentering/continuing the war, which lost them the support of most Russians
                      2. Dual Sovereignty
                        1. Provisional Gov't v. Petrograd Soviet

                          Annotations:

                          • Petrograd Soviet called for the war to end but the Provisional Gov't opened a new offensive
                        2. Slow decision Making
                        3. Rule by Radicals
                          1. Fanatics-reign of terror
                            1. Bolsheviks

                              Annotations:

                              • Communist party. called for the end of the war without annexation or indemnities, and the abolition of landlord property
                              1. Lenin
                                1. "Peace, Land, Bread"

                                  Annotations:

                                  • how Lenin gained popularity, be promising peasants what they wanted 
                                  1. October Revolution

                                    Annotations:

                                    • The Bolsheviks captured telephone exchanges, railroad stations, and electric lighting plants; a warship turned its guns on the Winter Palace, successfully making a coup d' etat                  
                              2. Control of Key Organization
                                1. Council of People’s Commissars

                                  Annotations:

                                  • replaced the Duma with this. Lenin was the head
                                2. Disciplined and Centralized
                                  1. Purges

                                    Annotations:

                                    • 1934-38 Stalin executed any enemy of Russia. Over 4 million people were tried and convicted, although it was later revealed that they had been physchologically tortured. Many old Bolsheviks were killed, and the younger generation of them were more loyal 
                                    1. war communism

                                      Annotations:

                                      • economic policy implement nationalized land, banks, and foreign trade. ended all private capitalism and took over factories and food production. The flow of resources and manpower was now controlled by the gov't 
                                    2. Authoritarian Gov't Established
                                      1. Machinery of dictatorship
                                        1. Red Army

                                          Annotations:

                                          • Formed by Trotskey
                                          1. Cheka

                                            Annotations:

                                            • secret police
                                          2. justification- external dangers
                                          3. Few in Numbers
                                            1. Bolshevik = minority
                                          4. Thermidor
                                            1. Gradual Return to conserv.
                                              1. Law & order
                                                1. five year plans

                                                  Annotations:

                                                  • goals were to strengthen and enrich the country, make it militarily and industrially self-sufficient 
                                                  1. collectivization

                                                    Annotations:

                                                    • collective farms were created, with peasants pooling land, labor, and capital. Many farmers slaughtered their animals rather than give them up, which led to famine in Southeast Russia and Ukraine which cost millions of lives. 
                                                  2. New ruling class
                                                  Show full summary Hide full summary

                                                  Similar

                                                  3. The Bolshevik's Seizure of Power
                                                  ShreyaDas
                                                  GCSE History – Social Impact of the Nazi State in 1945
                                                  Ben C
                                                  The Weimar Republic, 1919-1929
                                                  shann.w
                                                  World War I
                                                  Lydia Klein
                                                  Nazi Germany Dates
                                                  Georgina.Smith
                                                  The Rise of the Nazis
                                                  absterps18
                                                  Suffragettes and Suffragists
                                                  Amula
                                                  5. War Communism
                                                  ShreyaDas
                                                  History Revision
                                                  Ashkeeps
                                                  2. The February Revolution
                                                  ShreyaDas
                                                  Slavery documents
                                                  Sarah Egan