Lecture 3: Stress & Wellbeing

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University Human Resources 3345 Mind Map on Lecture 3: Stress & Wellbeing, created by shannaebrydon on 01/28/2014.

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Lecture 3: Stress & Wellbeing
1 Subjective Wellbeing: focuses people's evaluation of their lives. They can experience when they feel many pleasant feelings and a few unpleasant, When they are satisfied.
1.1 a combination of enduring positive moods, the absence of negative moods such as depression or anxiety and the satisfaction with life.
2 POSITIVE: job performance
3 NEGATIVE: Absenteeism, turnover
4 JOB SATISFACTION: A pleasurable or positive emotional state resulting from the appraisal of one's job or job experiences.
5 RESEARCH EXAMPLE: 109 managers Psychological wellbeing compared to job sat and performance
5.1 RESULTS: relationship between job sat and perf was moderated by wellbeing. Not significant for those with low wellbeing but positive for those with high wellbeing.
6 WORK ENGAGEMENT: connection with the performance of work tasks rather than the attitude towards the job
7 STRESS: Occurs when an individual percieves that the demands of an external situations are beyond his or her percieved ability to cope with them.
7.1 STRESSORS: Physical or Psychological demands
7.1.1 PHYSICAL: heat, cold, noise, Work demands: Pace, load, hours, time pressure, Shift work.
7.1.2 PSYCHOLOGICAL: Lack of control, role stressors, work- life conflict, emotional labour, bullying/ violence.
7.2 STRAINS: Reaction or response to stressors
8 DEMAND CONTROL MODEL: Karasek (1979) Looks at Job demands and Job control
8.1 PSYCHOLOGICAL LOW AND HIGH
8.1.1 LOW STRAIN: Dentist
8.1.2 ACTIVE JOB: Manager
8.2 CONTROL HIGH AND LOW
8.2.1 PASSIVE: Janitor
8.2.2 HIGH STRAIN: Cashier
8.3 HYPOTHESES: Iso-strain - Jobs characterised by high demands, low control and low ocial support are consider the lowest levels of worker wellbeing.
8.3.1 BUFFER: Social support can buffer the impact of job strain
9 CONSEQUENCES OF STRESS:
9.1 BEHAVIOURAL: info processing, performance, CWBs
9.2 PSYCHOLOGICAL: Need for recovery, burnout
9.3 PHYSIOLOGICAL: hyoertension, migraines, coronary heart disease
10 RECOVERY:
10.1 MANAGING: Time mgmt, Physical exercise, Relaxation, Support.

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