Sociology GCSE AQA - Studying Society keywords

tasniask
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This is all the keywords needed to learn for Studying Society and the exam board is AQA

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tasniask
Created by tasniask over 5 years ago
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Question Answer
Society A group of people who share a culture
Gender Social expectations and ideas of masculinity and femininity (blue for boys, pink for girls)
Ethnicity Cultural differences between racial groups
Norms How people are expected to behave in particular social contexts
Values a belief or idea about what is desirable and worth striving for.
Roles behavior expected of people in different situations.
Socialisation The way we learn the culture, norms and values of the society we are born into
Primary socialisation Learning the culture, norms and values of society in the family
Secondary Socialisation people learn the norms and values of society by peers, school, religion etc. which are all agents of socialisation
Gender socialisation children learn what is seen as acceptable masculine and feminine behaviour
Primary research When sociologists perform their own research e.g. unstructured interviews and questionnaires
Secondary research When sociologists use data collected by somebody else e.g. official statistics, diaries, letters
Quantitative data Numerical data e.g. percentages and statistics
Qualitative data visual or verbal data which has lots of detail e.g. quotes
Closed questions a set of questions where you have to choose between a given number of answers
Structured interviews The interviewer reads out a set of, usually closed questions, face to face or by telephone
Interviewer bias the presence of the interviewer causes the person to say answers the interviewer wants to hear
Non-participant observation When sociologists observe from a distance with no involvement whatsoever
Overt When a group knows they are being observed
Open questions When respondents are able to explain their answers
Unstructured interview An informal interview with no preset questions and usually uses open questions
Participant observation When the sociologist joins in on the activities of the group they are observing
Covert The group being observed do not know that they are being watched
Official statistics Created by the government and its agency e.g. exam results and league tables
Ethical issues making sure your research does not cause any harm or offence to the people taking part
Research aim This is what sociologists are trying to find out
Hypothesis A guess which is usually written as a statement
A pilot study Small scale trial run which is used before you carry out your research
Sampling Sociologists select the people they will research
Representative Typical of your population
Informed consent The people must agree to take part and be told why. They have the right to withdraw from the research
Confidentiality The people taking part should have their personal details private