11.1: Immune System Concept Map

sydb623
Mind Map by sydb623, updated 9 months ago
sydb623
Created by sydb623 almost 4 years ago
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Description

A concept map of chapter 11.1 notes taken on 4-14-16 displaying the relationships between and in the specific and nonspecific immune systems.

Resource summary

11.1: Immune System Concept Map
1 Specific Immune System (Acquired/Adaptive)
1.1 Interleukin Message
1.1.1 Captures a Bacteria
1.1.2 Alerts. . .
1.2 Lymphocytes!
1.2.1 B-Lymphocytes
1.2.1.1 (Made in Bone Marrow)
1.2.1.2 Memory B-Cells
1.2.1.2.1 Watch everything that goes down and remembers. Exists for a long time so that they can be cloned in case the foreign invader returns.
1.2.1.3 Plasma Cells
1.2.1.3.1 Army of Clones equipped with antibody machine guns that zap everything (eventually die and break down after victory)
1.2.2 T-Lymphocytes
1.2.2.1 (Made in Thymus Gland)
1.2.2.2 Natural Killers
1.2.2.2.1 Also called Cytotoxic T-Cells
1.2.2.2.2 By injecting poison, kills cells that have changed their MHC Marker due to changes in DNA (like cancerous cells) and cells that have become ill and dropped their MHC Markers.
1.2.2.3 Helper T-Cells
1.2.2.3.1 Communicators
1.2.2.3.2 Help identify the captured invaders and also send Interleukin Messages
1.2.2.3.3 Also alerts
1.2.2.4 Memory T-Cells
1.2.2.4.1 Hang around for future reference after the battle, just like helper B-Cells
2 Nonspecific Immune System (Innate)
2.1 Phagocytes
2.1.1 Neutrophils
2.1.1.1 Small, dies quickly (white pus in a wound = corpses)
2.1.2 Macrophage
2.1.2.1 Large, takes longer to die (can be linked to a general area or a specific tissue)
2.1.2.2 Sends a...
2.2 Skin (Epidermis) Blocks Stuff
2.3 MHC Marker (Cell's ID Card)
2.3.1 If foreign, a Macrophage will eat the bacteria/cell it's connected to and display it for a Lymphocyte to ID and kill.
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