Basic Concepts

JonnyDayy
Mind Map by JonnyDayy, updated more than 1 year ago
JonnyDayy
Created by JonnyDayy almost 7 years ago
50
1

Description

Chemistry Mind Map on Basic Concepts, created by JonnyDayy on 04/20/2013.
Tags

Resource summary

Basic Concepts
1 Hydrocarbons
1.1 A hydrocarbon is a compound that contains ONLY H and C
1.2 Saturated
1.2.1 SINGLE BONDS
1.2.2 ALKANES
1.2.3 Bromine water doesn't change
1.3 Unsaturated
1.3.1 AT LEAST one double c=c bond
1.3.2 Alkenes
1.3.3 Bromine water goes from Orange to Clear in Unsaturated hydrocarbons
2 Functional Groups
2.1 RESPONSIBLE FOR THE CHARACTERISTIC REACTIONS OF THE COMPOUND
2.2 Alkane
2.2.1 c-c
2.2.2 -ane
2.3 Alkene
2.3.1 c=c
2.3.2 -ene
2.4 Halogenoalkane
2.4.1 Chloro
2.4.2 Bromo
2.4.3 Chloro
2.4.4 Iodo
2.5 Alcohols
2.5.1 -OH
2.5.2 Hydroxy
2.5.3 -ol
2.5.4 Ethanol
2.5.4.1 Alcoholic Drinks
2.5.4.2 Solvent (Methylated Spirits)
2.5.4.3 Hydration of Ethene
2.5.4.3.1 Steam and Ethene
2.5.4.3.2 H2PO4 Catalyst
2.5.4.3.3 High Pressures
2.5.4.3.4 High Temperatures
2.5.4.3.5 100% Ethanol
2.5.4.3.6 100% Atom Economy
2.5.4.3.7 Non-renewable source (cracked hydrocarbons)
2.5.4.4 Fermentation of Sugars
2.5.4.4.1 Slow Batch Process
2.5.4.4.2 Yeast Enzyme 37 degrees
2.5.4.4.3 14% Ethanol
2.5.4.4.4 Low Atom Economy (CO2 waste)
2.5.4.4.5 Cheap Materials and Energy Demand
2.5.4.4.6 Renewable Sources (Sugar Cane)
2.5.5 Methanol
2.5.5.1 Petrol Addative
2.5.5.2 Chemical Feedstock
2.5.6 Classifying Alcohols
2.5.6.1 Primary
2.5.6.1.1 OH group with only one alkyl group
2.5.6.1.2 Partial Oxidation to Aldyhydes
2.5.6.2 Secondary
2.5.6.2.1 OH group attached with 2 alkyl groups
2.5.6.3 Tertiary
2.5.6.3.1 OH group is attached with three alkyl groups
2.6 Aldehyde
2.6.1 C=O and a H
2.6.2 -al
2.7 Ketone
2.7.1 Just a C=O
2.7.2 -ONE
2.8 Carboxyllic Acid
2.8.1 COOH
2.8.2 -oic
3 Homologous Series
3.1 differing by a -CH2 group
4 Naming Table
4.1 1=meth
4.2 2=eth
4.3 3=prop
4.4 4=but
4.5 5=pent
4.6 6=hex
4.7 7=hept
4.8 8=oct
4.9 9=non
4.10 10=dec
5 Isomerisms
5.1 Stereoisomerism
5.1.1 Same structural formula but different arrangement of atoms in space
5.1.2 E/Z Isomerism
5.1.2.1 You need a C=C
5.1.2.2 Atoms fixed in place
5.1.2.3 Must have 2 different groups attached
5.1.3 CIS-Trans Stereoisomesim
5.1.3.1 Special type of E/Z
5.1.3.2 Two groups are the same
5.1.3.3 E (trans) on the opposite sides
5.1.3.4 Z (cis) on the Zame Zide
6 Organic Reagents and Reactions
6.1 Homolytic Fission
6.1.1 Each bonded atom takes one electron
6.1.2 Eachatom has anunpaired electron
6.1.3 Braking of a Covalent Bond
6.2 Heterolytic Fission
6.2.1 Split Unequally
6.2.2 One atom takes both e-
6.2.3 X-Y=X+Y-
Show full summary Hide full summary

Similar

Chemistry General Quiz - 2
lauren_johncock
Chemistry Quiz General -3
lauren_johncock
AS Chemistry - Enthalpy Changes
Sarah H-V
Organic Chemistry
Ella Wolf
Chemical Symbols
Keera
Acids and Bases
Sarah Egan
Using GoConqr to study science
Sarah Egan
Acids and Bases quiz
Derek Cumberbatch
Ionic Bondic Flashcards.
anjumn10
Electrolysis
lisawinkler10
The Periodic Table
asramanathan