126.96.36.199 Winter Dreams: "It offended him that
the links should lie in enforced
(fallowness)" (Fitzgerald 1).
188.8.131.52 Benjamin Button: "He would
have to introduce this-this
(septuagenarian)" (Fitzgerald 6).
184.108.40.206 The Great Gatsby: "Gatsby
believed in the green light, the
(orgastic) future that year by year
recedes before us" (Fitzgerald
220.127.116.11 Benjamin Button: "'Because if you
are,' went on the old man
(querulously)" (Fitzgerald 6).
18.104.22.168 Winter Dreams: "He was beyond any
(revulsion) or any amusement"
22.214.171.124 The Great Gatsby: "...and he gave out incessantly his high
horrible call" (Fitzgerald 146).
1.1.3 Uses vocabulary to describe characters voice
126.96.36.199 The Great Gatsby: "'Oxford, New
Mexico,' snorted Tom
(contemptuously)" (Fitzgerald 129).
188.8.131.52 Winter Dreams: "'No, sir,' said Dexter
(decisively)" (Fitzgerald 1).
184.108.40.206 Benjamin Button: "'Talk sense!' said Doctor Keene
(sharply)" (Fitzgerald 1).
1.2.1 Past Tense
220.127.116.11 Winter Dreams: "She wore a blue silk afternoon
dress, and he was disappointed at first that it was
not something more elaborate" (Fitzgerald 4).
18.104.22.168 The Great Gatsby: "'I am, though,' she said with a
visible effort" (Fitzgerald 140).
22.214.171.124 Benjamin Button: "Mr. Button
stood there upon the sidewalk,
stupefied and trembling from head
to foot" (Fitzgerald 4).
1.2.2 Fitzgerald's narrators are unbiased
126.96.36.199 Winter Dreams: "He slammed the door. Into so many cars she had stepped--like
this--like that-- her back against the leather, so--her elbow resting on the door--
waiting" (Fitzgerald 7). Although narrator says Judy has been with other men the
narrator does not give the impression of whether it is right or wrong.
188.8.131.52 Benjamin Button: "The matter was distasteful to him, and he wished to avoid it" (Fitzgerald 24). The narrator
never weighs in the opinion if Roscoe is a bad son for not being supportive of his father's situations.
184.108.40.206 The Great Gatsby: "'That's true,' I said uncomfortably" (Fitzgerald 176). Nick understands that Gatsby
had flaws as shown in this scene where Gatsby's father is praising him, but Nick does not judge
Gatsby in the book.
1.2.3 Follows one characters life
220.127.116.11 Benjamin Button: Narrator follows the life
of Benjamin: "On the life of Benjamin
Button between his twelfth and
twenty-fifth year" (Fitzgerald 13).
18.104.22.168 The Great Gatsby: Nick narrates the story, and it follows his life and what
he sees: "There was music from my neighbor’s house through the summer
nights... And on Mondays eight servants including an extra gardener toiled
all day with mops and scrubbing-brushes and hammers and
garden-shears, repairing the ravages of the night before" (Fitzgerald 43).
22.214.171.124 Winter Dreams: The narrator follows Dexter's life: "It is not so simple as that,
either. As so frequently would be the case in the future, Dexter was
unconsciously dictated by his winter dreams" (Fitzgerald 2).
1.3 Character Development
1.3.1 Develops Characters by Action
126.96.36.199 Winter Dreams: "A sort of dullness settled down upon Dexter. For the first time in his life he felt like
getting very drunk" (Fitzgerald 9). This action shows that Dexter is feeling miserable due to hearing
the news about Judy.
188.8.131.52 Great Gatsby: "i called up Daisy from the office next morning and invited her to come over for
tea" (Fitzgerald 88). This quote shows how Nick is helpful, because he had his hands full, yet did
a favor fro Gatsby.
184.108.40.206 Benjamin Button: "But mr. Button persisted in his unwavering purpose... declared that if
Benjamin doesn't like warm milk, he could go without food altogether" (Fitzgerald 10).
This action shows that Roger Button is strong headed.
1.3.2 Develops Characters by Dialogue
220.127.116.11 Benjamin Button: “... and repeated in a firm voice: ‘I am eighteen years old’” (Fitzgerald 14). Through
this use of dialogue, Fitzgerald depicts Benjamin’s determination and integrity.
18.104.22.168 The Great Gatsby: "and he added hollowly,' '...old sport'"
(Fitzgerald 89). Gatsby’s repetition of “old sport” shows
that he is friendly towards others.
22.214.171.124 Winter Dreams: "'No sir' said Dexter decisively, 'i don't want to caddy anymore.' Then,
after a pause: 'I'm too old'" (Fitzgerald 1). This dialogue shows that he is a dreamer
and wants more out of his life.
1.3.3 Develops Characters by Physical Description
126.96.36.199 The Great Gatsby: "He smiled understandingly - much more than understandingly. It was
one of those rare smiles with a quality of eternal reassurance in it, that you come across
four or five times in life... and assured you that it had precisely the impression of you
that, at your best, you hoped to convey" (Fitzgerald 52-53). Gatsby's smile is said to be
extremely kind, which also shows that Gatsby is friendly.
188.8.131.52 Winter Dreams: "She was arrestingly beautiful. The color in her cheeks was centered like the color
in a picture... balanced only partially by the sad luxury of her eyes" (Fitzgerald 3). This description
shows how beautiful and perfect Judy is on the outside.
184.108.40.206 Benjamin Button: "The girl was slender and frail, with hair that was ashen under the moon... glittering buttons on the hem of her
bustled dress" (Fitzgerald 15). Fitzgerald also describes Hildegrade to be very beautiful, and the woman of every man's dreams.
1.4.1 Heavy use of imagery in the form of paragraphs
220.127.116.11 Winter Dreams: "The little girl who had done this was
eleven--beautifully ugly as little girls are apt to be... shining
through her thin frame in a sort of glow" (Fitzgerald 1).
18.104.22.168 Benjamin Button: "A grotesque picture formed itself before
the eyes of a tortured man: a picture of himself walking
through the crowded streets of the city with this appalling
apparition stalking by his side" (Fitzgerald 6).
22.214.171.124 The Great Gatsby: "“We walked through a high hallway into a bright rosy colored space, fragilely bound
into the house by french windows at either end. The windows w\e ajar and gleaming white against the
fresh grass outside that seemed to grow a little way into the house. A breeze blew threw the room, blew
curtains in at one end and out the other like pale flags, twisting them up toward the frosted wedding cake
of the ceiling-and then rippled over the wine-colored rug, making a shadow on it as wind does on the sea”
1.4.2 Use of similes
126.96.36.199 The Great Gatsby: “...men and girls came and went like moths
among the whisperings and the champagne and the stars”
188.8.131.52 Winter Dreams: "His heart turned over like the fly-wheel of the boat" (Fitzgerald 4).
184.108.40.206 Benjamin Button: "his jealousies and anxieties melted from him like a mantle of snow"
1.4.3 Use of metaphors:
220.127.116.11 Winter Dreams: "But do not get the impression, because his winter dreams happened to be concerned
at first with musings on the rich, that there was anything merely snobbish in the boy" (Fitzgerald 2).
Winter dreams is used as a metaphor for Dexter's ambitions throughout story.
18.104.22.168 The Great Gatsby: “So we beat on, boats against the current, borne back
ceaselessly into the past” (189).
22.214.171.124 Benjamin Button: “There was only one fly in the delicious ointment-he hated
to appear in public with his wife Hildegarde” (Fitzgerald 22).
2.1 Objectifying women and looking down
2.1.1 Winter Dreams: "“‘My God, she’s good-looking!’
Said Mr. Sandwood, who was just over thirty.”
(page 3, paragraph 16). This quote is explaining
how older men (in their 40s) were eyeing Judy (21)
2.1.2 Benjamin Button: “He hoped it would be a
boy so that he could be sent to Yale College
in Connecticut” (Fitzgerald 3). This quote
shows how women aren't found capable in
comparison to men
2.1.3 The Great Gatsby: “I hope she’ll be a fool -- that’s the
best thing a girl can be in this world, a beautiful little
fool” (21). This quote shows how people only care
about how beautiful a woman looks like, and not how
smart or capable she can be
2.2 Mad Love
2.2.1 Winter Dreams: "He had wanted Judy Jones
ever since he was a proud, desirous little boy"
(Fitzgerald 5). Dexter constantly chases after
Judy, despite her not being interest in him.
2.2.2 Benjamin Button: "But when
his own time came, and he
drifted with her out upon
the changing floor to the
music of the latest waltz
from Paris, his jealousness
and anxiety melted from
him like a mantle of snow.
Blind with enchantment, he
felt that life was just
beginning" (Fitzgerald 16).
Benjamin is mesmerized by
Hildegrade and is madly in
love with her
2.2.3 The Great Gatsby: "'Well, I tried to swing the wheel
—' He broke off, and suddenly I guessed at the
truth. 'Was Daisy driving?' 'Yes,' he said after a
moment, 'but of course I’ll say I was.'" (Fitzgerald
154). Gatsby is madly in love with Daisy, so he
takes the blame for Myrtle's death even though
she kills him.
2.3 Social Classes and Reputation
2.3.1 The Great Gatsby: I lived at West Egg, the — well, the
less fashionable of the two, though this is a most
superficial tag to express the bizarre and not a little
sinister contrast between them" (2). The location of
the novel is divided by social class and richness of
people on either side.
2.3.2 Winter Dreams: ""You're not. I like you. But I've just had a terrible afternoon.
There was a man I cared about, and this afternoon he told me out of a clear sky
that he was poor as a church-mouse. He'd never even hinted it before"
(Fitzgerald 5). Judy cares about the wealthiness of the man she his interest in
and this defines her relationship with him.
2.3.3 Benjamin Button: "He was to make a better
attempt to play with boys of his own age.
He was not to wear spectacles or carry a
cane in the street" (Fitzgerald 12).
3.1 Female Characters
3.1.1 Fitzgerald's female characters are jealous
126.96.36.199 The Great Gatsby: "'Well, first Daisy turned away from the woman...-it must have
killed her instantly'" (Fitzgerald 151). Fitzgerald leads the reader to believe Daisy
killed Myrtle in the car accident on purpose because she was jealous that Tom was
having an affair with her.
188.8.131.52 Benjamin Button: "She sniffed. 'Do you think it's anything to boast about?'"
(Fitzgerald 21). Hildegarde is jealous that she is no longer the young and beautiful
one in her relationship with Benjamin.
184.108.40.206 Winter Dreams: "'I wish you'd marry me.'" (Fitzgerald 7). Judy comes back to
Dexter only after finding out he is engaged to Irene.
3.2 Disloyal Characters
3.2.1 Benjamin Button: "Benjamin's discontent waxed stronger" (Fitzgerald 20). Benjamin is
no longer interested in his wife and does not want to be with her anymore.
3.2.2 Winter Dreams: "He should have told her now that he was going to marry another girl, but
he could not tell her" (Fitzgerald 7). Dexter does not tell Judy about Irene when he sees
her and goes off with her even though he is engaged.
3.2.3 The Great Gatsby: "'Tom's got some women in New York'" (Fitzgerald 19).
Tom cheats on Daisy with Myrtle throughout the novel.
3.3 Male Characters
3.3.1 Fitzgerald's male protagonist
characters are usually want
220.127.116.11 Benjamin Button: "The wholesale hardware business prospered amazingly" (Fitzgerald 19). Benjamin is very
involved in work and is proud of his earnings.
18.104.22.168 Winter Dreams: ". He wanted not association with glittering
things and glittering people--he wanted the glittering things
themselves" (Fitzgerald 4). Dexter starts a laundry business
because as described in this quote he wants to be rich.
22.214.171.124 Great Gatsby: "'I carrry a little business on th eside, a sort of
sideline, you understand'" (Fitzgerald 87). Jay Gatsby wants to live a
lavish life style and reveals to Nick that he partakes in illegal activity
to do so.
4 Autobiographical Elements
4.1 F. Scott Fitzgerald was an alcoholic and he talks
about drinking throughout his stories
4.1.1 Winter Dreams: "'Oh, Lud Simms has gone to pieces in a way. I don't mean he ill-uses
her, but he drinks and runs around'" (Fitzgerald 8). Similar to Benjamin Button,
alcohol and drinking is referenced in a bad way.
4.1.2 The Great Gatsby: "'Open the whisky, Tom,' she ordered. 'And I'll
make you a mint julep. Then you won't seem so stupid to
yourself...'" (Fitzgerald 136). Drinking is refrenced many times in
this novel, especially during Gatsby's lavish parties.
4.1.3 Benjamin Button: "'Young men are so idiotic. They tell me how much champagne they
drink at college and how much money they lose playing cards.'" (Fitzgerald 16). In this
piece, alcohol is referenced in a negative connotation in contrast to his other texts.
4.2 Fitzgerald's wife refused to marry him until he was
4.2.1 Winter Dreams: "' But I've just had a terrible afternoon. There was a man I cared about, and
this afternoon he told me out of a clear sky that he was poor as a church-mouse.'" (Fitzgerald
5). Judy cannot be with someone who isn't rich, and wealth is her priority in a man
4.2.2 Benjamin Button: "'I've always said," went on Hildegarde, "that I'd rather marry a man
of fifty and be taken care of than many a man of thirty and take care of him'"
(Fitzgerald 17). Hildegarde want a life in which her husband is stable, and is able to
take care of her
4.2.3 The Great Gatsby: "'We heard that you were engaged.' 'It's a libel. I'm too poor'"
(Fitzgerald 24). Nick cannot get a wife since he is too poor for any woman liking
4.3 Fitzgerald went to Princeton University, and the
characters in his novels also have access to
4.3.1 The Great Gatsby: "I graduated from
New Haven in 1915, just a quarter of a
century after my father" (Fitzgerald 5).
Nick graduated from Yale.
4.3.2 Benjamin Button: "So his father sent him up to Connecticut to take
examinations for entrance to Yale College" (Fitzgerald 13). Benjamin
is applying to Yale
4.3.3 Winter Dreams: "His winter dreams persuaded Dexter years later to pass up a business
course in the State University... attending an older and more famous university in the
East" (Fitzgerald 2). Dexter would rather go to an Ivy League school.